LETTER OF INVITATION TO MADRID PEACE
October 30, 1991
consultations with Arab states, Israel and the Palestinians, the United
States and the Soviet Union believe that an historic opportunity exists to
advance the prospects for genuine peace throughout the region. The United
States and the Soviet Union are prepared to assist the parties to achieve
a just, lasting and comprehensive peace settlement, through direct
negotiations along two tracks, between Israel and the Arab states, and
between Israel and the Palestinians, based on United Nations Security
Council Resolutions 242 and 338. The objective of this process is real
peace. Toward that end, the president of the U.S. and the president of the
USSR invite you to a peace conference, which their countries will
co-sponsor, followed immediately by direct negotiations. The conference
will be convened in Madrid on October 30, 1991. President Bush and
President Gorbachev request your acceptance of this invitation no later
than 6 P.M. Washington time, October 23, 1991, in order to ensure proper
organization and preparation of the conference.
negotiations will begin four days after the opening of the conference.
Those parties who wish to attend multilateral negotiations will convene
two weeks after the opening of the conference to organize those
negotiations. The co-sponsors believe that those negotiations should focus
on region-wide issues of water, refugee issues, environment, economic
development, and other subjects of mutual interest.
will chair the conference which will be held at ministerial level.
Governments to be invited include Israel, Syria, Lebanon and Jordan.
Palestinians will be invited and attend as part of a joint
Jordanian-Palestinian delegation. Egypt will be invited to the conference
as a participant. The European Community will be a participant in the
conference, alongside the United States and the Soviet Union and will be
represented by its presidency. The Gulf Cooperation Council will be
invited to send its secretary- general to the conference as an observer,
and GCC member states will be invited to participate in organizing the
negotiations on multilateral issues. The United Nations will be invited to
send an observer, representing the secretary-general.
will have no power to impose solutions on the parties or veto agreements
reached by them. It will have no authority to make decisions for the
parties and no ability to vote on issues of results. The conference can
reconvene only with the consent of all the parties. With respect to
negotiations between Israel and Palestinians who are part of the joint
Jordanian- Palestinian delegation, negotiations will be conducted in
phases, beginning with talks on interim self- government arrangements.
These talks will be conducted with the objective of reaching agreement
within one year. Once agreed, the interim self-government arrangements
will last for a period of five years; beginning the third year of the
period of interim self-government arrangements, negotiations will take
place on permanent status. These permanent status negotiations, and the
negotiations between Israel and the Arab states, will take place on the
basis of Resolutions 242 and 338.
It is understood that the
co-sponsors are committed to making this process succeed. It is their
intention to convene the conference and negotiations with those parties
who agree to attend.
The co-sponsors believe that this process offers
the promise of ending decades of confrontation and conflict and the hope
of a lasting peace. Thus, the co-sponsors hope that the parties will
approach these negotiations in a spirit of good will and mutual respect.
In this way, the peace process can begin to break down the mutual
suspicions and mistrust that perpetuate the conflict and allow the parties
to begin to resolve their differences. Indeed, only through such a process
can real peace and reconciliation among the Arab states, Israel and the
Palestinians be achieved. And only through this process can the peoples of
the Middle East attain the peace and security they richly deserve.