A Review of Literature on the Issue of Palestinian Refugees


Abu-Habib, Lina, "Education and the Palestinian Refugees of Lebanon: A Lost Generation?"
Refugee Participation Network 21 (April 1996)
http://www.arts.mcgil.ca:80/MEPP/PrrN/papers/abuhabib.html

This study illustrates the decline of the overall refugee situation in Lebanon, which has been accompanied by a parallel decline in the educational level of the refugees. The author concludes that as long as peace negotiations remain unproductive, the situation is unlikely to improve. Additionally, Palestinian refugee educational opportunities in Lebanon are an indication of the tenuous status that Palestinians hold.

Topics:
* Refugee numbers
* Palestinian status in Lebanon
* The shrinking provisions of UNRWA
* Innovative approaches to education

Abu-Samra. "Israeli Policy in the Question of the Palestinian Refugees: 1948-1949."
International Problems, Society and Politics. 58: (1-2), 1992. [Hebrew].

The article discusses the mutual blame for the Palestinian refugee problem which grew out of Israeli policy on two levels: an internal and an external level. On an internal level, the Israeli government created "facts on the ground to prevent the possibility of return." On an external level, the Israeli government held firm to the international policy that as long as the conflict continued -- there will be no solution to the problem.

Topics:
* The operative international policy.
* The stand of the Israelis in foreign policy.
* The settlement of refugees in Arab countries.
* The Gaza Plan.
* The offer to allow 100,000 refugees to return.

Adelman, Howard. "Refugees: The Right of Return."
Group Rights ed. Judith Baker (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994)
Adelman assesses the concept of the right of return for the Palestinian refugees with regard to human rights theory. He perceives the right of return as essentially a positioning of a human right. Subsequently, he argues that the right of return is also a group right that is neither reducible nor in conflict with individual rights. Furthermore, he contends that it is one of three types of group rights (along with property rights and the right of asylum) that are more fundamental than individual rights in the sense of being a precondition of the latter.

Topics:
* Defining human rights
* The right of return as a human right
* Natural rights and the refugees of 1948
* Contractarian theory and the refugees of 1967 and after
* The right of return as a group right
* Group rights as human rights

Al-Sahli, Nabil. "The Palestinians in Syria."
Refugees Center & Palestinian Diaspora. Ramallah, Palestine: 1996.

This study explores the development of Palestinian social status in Syria, and the extent of Palestinian integration into the economic and social life, in addition to the economic and social indications which have a great impact on the dynamics of Palestinian society in Syria.

Topics:
* The demographic conditions for Palestinians in Syria according to their age, fertility and human development.
* The economic reality for Palestinians in Syria according to laws and civil rights, work force and human resources
* The social conditions for Palestinians in Syria according to the educational conditions, incubators, and the Palestinian students in the Syrian universities

Tables:
* The sum total development Palestinian refugees in Syria during selective years between (1960-1995) according to race and race percentage.
* Palestinian refugees in Syria and their distribution according to the place they were born in Palestine 12/31/1994.
* The relative distribution of population according to race and age in the Palestinian refugee camps in Syria.
* The infant mortality rate of Palestinian refugees in Syria according to race and race percentage while born between 1980-1995.
* A relative distribution for Palestinian workers in Syria (10 years or more) according to race, economic activity, and age, 1995.
* A relative distribution for Palestinians in Syria according to their educational status, 1995. * The registered Palestinian students in Syria in the various elementary schools according to selected educational years.
* The registered Palestinian students in Syria in the various preparatory schools according to a selected educational years.
* The registered Palestinian students in Syria in the various voluntary schools according to a selected educational years.

Al-Qutub, Ishaq Y., "Refugee Camp Cities in the Middle East: A Challenge for Urban Development Policies."
International Sociology. Vol. 4., no. 1., pp. 91-108.

This study aims to elaborate on the difficulties relating to policy formation with regard to urban Palestinian refugee camps. This is accomplished through an analysis of the demographic features of the camps and their relevance to urban policies.

Topics:
* The Population Distribution Among the Camp Sites.
* The Ranking Order of the Camp Sites According to Size.
* The Location of Camp Sites.
* The Social Structure in Camp Cities.
* Social and Economic Institutions.
* The Relief Program of UNRWA.
* Social and Physical Conditions of Some Camp Cities.
* Refugee Camp Cities in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
* Refugee Cities in Syria.
* Policy Implications for Development.
* Future Outlook for Urban Policy.


Tables:
* Distribution of Palestinians in the World, registered in 1982.
* Distribution of Refugee Camps in Host Arab States.
* Population of Refugee Camps in Host Arab States.
* Palestinian Population Residing Inside and Outside Camps in Host Arab States.
* Rank Order of Refugee Camps According to Populations.
* Distribution of Palestinian Arabs in Refugee Camps by Age Groups and Sex in Syria.
* Distribution of Palestinian Arabs by Duration of Present Residence and Sex and in Refugee Camps - 1982.
* Distribution of Palestinian Refugees Residing in Syria - According to Gender and Districts, in 1984.
* Palestinians Level of Education in Syria in 1982 (ten years old and above).


Amre, Taisir. "The Palestinian Refugees in the Context of the Middle East Peace Process and Regional Cooperation."

A follow-up to the author's presentation at the IGCC & IIR Conference, Vouliagmeni (Athens), Greece, Nov. 4-8, 1994.

The author offers an overview of the political situation in regard to the Palestinian refugee problem and potential solutions.

Topics:
* An argument to indict Israel with culpability for the Palestinian refugee situation.
* An argument for implementing the right of return and its limitations.
* Suggestions for a just solution.

Arzt, Donna E.. "Nationality, Espousal and State Responsibility for Injury to Aliens."

Adapted from, Refugees into Citizens: Palestinians and the End of the Arab-Israeli Conflict. New York: Council on Foreign Relations Press, 1996.

Arzt addresses the laws stipulating conditions for nationality through a municipal legal framework, in order to bring to light the causes of conflicts which arise when issues of nationality surface. This article also highlights the problems of statelessness and concludes that dual nationality would constitute a reasonable solution to Palestinians who are unable to live in a future Palestinian state.

Topics:
* Acquisition of Nationality.
* Espousal of Claims of Individuals and Corporations.
* State Responsibility.
* Dual Nationality and Statelessness.

Table:
* Proposed Palestinian Absorption Targets.


Arzt, Donna E.. Negotiating the Last Taboo: Palestinian Refugees.
FOFOGNET Digest, 29-31 January, 1996.

This article describes the complexity of the Palestinian refugee issue, and outlines the conditions that must be met for successful negotiations with regard to the refugee issue. Topics:
* The lack of knowledge and awareness concerning the refugee issue.
* Issues of dispute among negotiating parties.
* Principles of negotiation.
* The relevance of international law.


Arzt, Donna. Refugees Into Citizens: Palestinians and the End of the Arab-Israeli Conflict.
(New York: Council on Foreign Relations Press, 1997).

This book aims to provide policy makers, participants in the negotiations, the co-sponsors of the peace process, and others interested in the issue, with an assessment of and recommendations concerning the refugee issue. Most importantly, it aims to provide, "Confidence that the issues are ultimately resolvable." Artz holds that, in order that a successful negotiations may be carried out, four basic principles must be adopted:
(1) The discussions must be forward looking;
(2) the obligations of the negotiating teams must be reciprocal and balanced;
(3) Palestinians and Israelis must recognize that each side has equal rights to land, statehood, security, and survival;
(4) the standard for the eventual settlement must be the normalization of Middle Eastern relations.


Topics:
* The numbers dispersed, according to varying sources.
* Transfer and other stratagems directed towards the Palestinian population.
* International response after 1948.
* The Madrid and Oslo processes.
* Pre- and post-1948 Palestinian communities.
* Post-1948 Palestinian migration.
* UNRWA's operation.
* The Palestinians of the West Bank and Gaza.
* The Palestinians of Jordan.
* The Palestinians of Lebanon.
* The Palestinians of Syria.
* The Palestinians of Israel.
* The Palestinians of other Middle Eastern States.
* The Palestinians of Kuwait.
* The Palestinians of Saudi Arabia.
* The Palestinians of Egypt.
* The Palestinians of Libya.
* The Palestinians of the wider diaspora.
* The concept of 'return' in international law.
* Mass expulsion and transfer in international law.
* The concept of 'refugee' in international law.
* The right to compensation in international law.
* Nationality, Passports, and Statelessness in international law.
* Components of a plan for permanent regional absorption of the Palestinian refugees.
* The Palestinian population absorption target for the different areas of the Middle East.
* Current needs and location preferences of Palestinian refugees.
* Compensation and funding sources.
* The norms of refugee integration internationally.
* The dynamics of permanent absorption internationally.
* Entitlement to citizenship internationally.
* Rights, duties, and limits on Palestinian citizenship.
* Human rights, democratization in the process towards peace.


Tables:
* Estimated Palestinian population breakdown.
* Human rights treaties: year of accession or ratification.


Figures:
* Distribution of Palestinians in 1991.
* Decision making bodies.
* Refugee options: an example.


Maps:
* The movement of the 1948 Palestinian refugees.


Appendices:
* United Nations General Assembly Resolution 194.
* Text of Security Council Resolution 242.
* Text of Security Council Resolution 242.
* Multilateral Working Group on Refugees Opening Remarks by Eli Sanbar, May 13, 1992
* Multilateral Working Group on Refugees, Opening Remarks for Israel by Prof. Shlomo Ben-Ami, November 11, 1992.
* Excerpts: Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements, September 13, 1993.
* Excerpts: Treaty of Peace between the State of Israel and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, October 26, 1994.
* Declaration on the Human Rights of Individuals Who are Not Nationals of the Country in Which They Live, December 13, 1985.

Brand, Laurie. "Palestinians in Syria: The Politics of Integration."
The Middle East Journal. Vol. 42, no. 4 Autumn 1988). (Washington DC: Middle East Institute).

This article examines the Palestinian community in Syria, concentrating on the successful socio-economic and political integration of the Palestinians into the Syrian mainstream community. This phenomenon, Brand concludes, in effect, discouraged the emergence of strong indigenous institutional expressions of a separate Palestinian national identity.

Topics:
* Palestinian legal status in Syria.
* Palestinian socio-economic conditions in Syria.
* Youth movements.
* Mass organizations.
* The General Union of Palestine Workers.
* The General Union of Palestine Women.


Tables:
* UNRWA-Registered Palestinians in Syria.


Brynen, Rex. "The Funding of Refugee Compensation."
FOFOGNET Digest, March 1996.
This paper explores the issue of resource availability, in an attempt to assess the potential for refugee compensation, regardless of the actual value of property lost.

Topics:
* Israel's potential to provide compensation.
* UNRWA's potential to provide compensation.
* International donors potential to provide compensation.
* Areas for future research and dialogue.

Tables:
* Potential compensation resources.


Brynen, Rex, "Imagining a Solution: Final Status Arrangements and Palestinian Refugees in Lebanon."
Journal of Palestine Studies. Forthcoming, 1997.

This study addresses possible solutions to the problem of Palestinian refugees, which will be addressed during final status talks, in addition to specifically assessing the ramifications to refugees in Lebanon. The author concludes that the status of the refugees found in Lebanon is extremely tenuous. For reasons delineated by the author, it is impossible to predict how many refugees may desire to resettle in the West Bank and Gaza, how many have the capability of doing so, and the future treatment of the Palestinian refugees by the Lebanese government.

Topics:

* An address of the Palestinian claim to a "right of return."
* Compensation as a potential part of the final resolution.
* Refugees resettlement as a potential element of the final resolution.

Tables:

* Distribution of UNRWA-registered refugees by district of [family] origin.
* Proposed post-settlement Palestinian population distribution (Artz).

Brynen Rex, and Tansley, Jill. "The Refugee Working Group of the Middle East Multilateral Peace Negotiations."
Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics and Culture. Vol. II, No. 4, Autumn 1995.

This article reviews the functions, framework, aims, achievements, and obstacles of the Refugee Working Group (RWG).
Topics:
* Framework of the RWG.
* Aims and achievements of the RWG.
* Obstacles and challenges of the RWG.


"Canada and Peace in the Middle East." http://www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca/english/geo/africa/can&p-e.html;

This article explains the role of Canada in the Middle East Peace Process, including their participation in bilateral and multilateral negotiations, the Middle East and North Africa Summit Process, and their role as the gavel holder of the Refugee Working Group.

Cahana, Shamay. "Differing and Converging Views on Solving the Palestinian Refugees' Problem,"
Davis Papers on Israel's Foreign Policy, no. 51. (Jerusalem: The Leonard Davis Institute for International Relations, Hebrew University).

The aim of this publication is to provide a general overview of the negotiating process, specifically concerning the issue of refugees, the historical development of this process, and an overview of the policy considerations held by policy makers and academics.
Topics:
* Historical overview of the development of the refugee problem.
* The Madrid Peace Conference.
* The Multilateral Working Group on Refugees (RWG).
* The impact of the election of Labor in 1992.
* The RWG meeting in May, 1993.
* The implications of the declaration of principles of 13 September 1993 between the Israelis and the Palestinians.
* The RWG meeting in Tunis, October 1993.
* The question of United Nations Resolution no. 194.
* The Israel-PLO Cairo Agreement.
* The RWG meeting in Cairo.
* The bilateral negotiations with Jordan.
* The refugee issue in the General Assembly, December 1994.
* The RWG meeting in Antalya, Turkey, December 1994.
* An overview of the FAFO Reports.
* An overview of an European Union Study.
* The establishment of the Quadripartite Committee.
* Economic challenges to alleviating the plight of the refugees.
* The 1995 policy of the UN General Assembly.
* The RWG meeting of December 1995.
* Salah Khalaf's proposal concerning the rights of return.
* Gottlieb's proposal for a system of dual passports.
* Israeli strategy from the Jaffee Center.
* George Abed's economic Plan for a Palestinian state.
* Hadawi's and Kubursi's compensation plans.
* Rashid Khalidi on the right of return.
* The Economic Plan of the Center for Engineering and Planning in the West Bank.
* The American Academy of Arts and Sciences American-Palestinian-Israeli Study Group.
* The economic projects of Harvard and the World Bank.
* The PLO Development Program.
* Peres' view on refugees from The New Middle East.
* The statistical findings of Moshe Efrat.
* Shiblak's study on Palestinian refugees in Arab countries.
* Najeh Jarrar's perspective on the future of the West Bank.
* Ziad abu Zayyad's dialogue with Israelis.
* The arguments of Professor Elia Zureik.
* The public debate in Lebanon over the Palestinians.
* Nawaf Salam's view of the future of the Palestinians in Lebanon.
* Shlomo Gazit's proposal for moral-psychological compensation.
* The evolution of Palestinian analysis of the refugee problem.
* Unique features of the Palestinian refugee problem.
* The denial of nationhood.
* Palestinian social and economic challenges.
* Achievements and shortcomings of the transitional Period.
* Problems facing the second phase of the process.
* Areas with a dearth of research and information in the Palestinian refugee issue.
* The unpredictability of negotiations.


Cheal, Beryl. " Refugees in the Gaza Strip, December 1948-May 1950."
Journal of Palestine Studies. Vol. 8 No. 1 Autumn, 1988.

This article addresses the issue of the Palestinian refugees who arrived in Gaza as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War; causing the population in Gaza to treble. As part of the relief efforts, the United Nations reached an agreement with the American Friends Service Committee. However, they were not able to provide for all of their needs. The UN also established vocational schools to help the refugee children to acquire a career. The author concludes that most refugees desired to return to their villages and homes.

Topics:
* Initial sources of relief.
* International relief efforts.
* Vocational training.
* Displacement and the desire to Return.


Tables: * Estimated refugee movement, April 1948-January 1949.
* Percent of total Palestinian refugees in Gaza.
* Gazan refugee population by city/town/village of origin.

Maps:
* Distribution of Towns and Villages.

Cygielman, Victor. "Mutual Recognition of Suffering."
Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics and Culture. Vol II No. 4 Autumn 1995.

This article addresses the importance of finding a practical solution to the Palestinian refugee problem, and developing mutual recognition of the suffering of both Jews and Palestinians.
Topics:
* Israeli ignorance of the refugee problem.
* The need to address both the practical and emotional aspects of the problem.
* The suffering of both Jews and Palestinians.

El-Jundi, Samir S. "The Palestinian Refugees."
http://www.idt.unit.not:80/~isfit/speeches/eljundi.html

This short article provides a general overview of the Palestinian refugee problem, including statistics concerning the number of registered refugees, and rights these people are granted in the Arab countries in which they reside. In addition, the author reviews the conflicts which have intensified the plight of the Palestinian refugees.

Elmadmad, Khadija. "Appropriate Solutions for the Palestinian Refugees."
Paper presented at the conference on Promoting Regional Cooperation in the Middle East. Vouliagmeni, Greece, 4-8 November 1994.

This paper provides a historical overview of the Palestinian refugee situation. In addition the author outlines the conditions he believes the Palestinians should insist on during final status talks.
Topics:
* A discussion of international refugees.
* A discussion of the unique history and legal status of Palestinian refugees.
* An historical overview of resolutions and agreements concerning Palestinian refugees.
* The author's views on the pre-requisites for a just conclusion to the refugee issue.

Endresen, Lena C. and Ovensen, Geir. The Potential of UNRWA Data for Research on Palestinian Refugees: A Study of UNRWA Administrative Data.
(176) Forskningsstiftelsen: Fafo. 1994

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of UNRWA data for research on Palestinian refugees. The information and statistical data used in this study are divided into three categories: "family files," "registration records," and "service statistics" [data produced for administrative purposes]. The authors suggest that the social study reports, especially those of special hardship cases, would be extremely useful in fulfilling the goal of the Agency in transforming itself from a Relief-orientated organization to a self-help orientated body.
Topics:
* Aim and scope of the study.
* The research value of data.
* The three categories of data available from UNRWA on the topic of refugees.
* Data of the family files.
* Recommendations, and possible research projects relevant to the family files.
* The refugee registration records.
* The registration system.
* Social study report (of social workers).
* Recommendations and possible research projects pertaining to the refugee registration records.
* Health data.
* Health data produced through routine reports.
* Surveillance of infectious diseases.
* Recommendations and possible research projects pertaining to health data.
* Educational data.
* Recommendations and possible research projects pertaining to education data.

Tables:
* Comparison of reported births and registered persons 0-1/year
* Refugees above sixty years: percentage of total population
* Refugees below fifteen Years: percentage of total population

Appendices:
* Publications by UNRWA Public Information Office
* The Annual Reports of the Commissioner General
* Health statistics
* Education statistics
* Socio-economic database: special hardship cases

Forsythe, David. "The Palestine Question: Dealing with a Long-Term Refugee Situation"
The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science (1983)

Forsythe contends that the core of the Palestine question has been transformed in three phases from a refugee question to one of self-determination. He argues that the international community has moved from working towards the resettlement of refugees to instead trying to resolve the Palestine question through the formula of Palestinian autonomy. The author believes this transformation indicates the "political bankruptcy" of refugee resettlement and the development of a new consensus on the creation of a Palestinian entity.
Topics:
* 1947-1967: The Primacy of Refugee Resettlement
* 1967-1979: Focus on Self-Determination
* 1979-?: The Importance of Palestinian Autonomy

Franklin, Shai. "The Palestinian Refugee Issue: Possible Outcomes, Achievable Goals."
Washington: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, for the Conference on Middle East Multilateral Talks, June 5-8, 1993, Los Angeles.

This paper examines the current dynamics of the Madrid talks and subsequently addresses interim steps that either are being taken or should be taken to generate a successful process, and challenges that must be faced in the long term in order to ensure the staying power of initial successful results. Topics:
* Negotiations: Assessing diverse approaches.
* Possible outcomes of a future Palestinian entity in the West Bank and Gaza.
* Recommendations for the interim development of a plan and for long term arrangements and challenges that must be faced.
* Questions for consideration.

Gazit, Shlomo. The Palestinian Refugee Problem.
Tel Aviv: The Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies. 1995.

This study presents the scope of the refugee problem, while presenting the positions of the two principle parties and recommending possible solutions.
Topics:
* The scope of the problem
* The Palestinian Position
* The Israeli Position
* The American position concerning the Palestinian Refugee problem
* Israeli readiness to allow "return"
* Interaction between a bilateral Israeli Palestinian agreement and a settlement with other Arab countries
* A declaration of moral compensation to the Palestinians
* Israeli financial compensation
* Israeli involvement in refugee rehabilitation
* A framework for a possible solution
* Possible drawbacks

Tables/Appendices:
* Refugee Distribution in Arab Countries (according to UNRWA figures - January 1993)
* Estimate of Palestinian Population -- 2010

Gazit, Shlomo, "Solving the Refugee Problem: A Prerequisite for Peace."
Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics and Culture. Vol. II No. 4 Autumn 1995.

This article emphasizes the importance in reaching a just resolution to the Palestinian refugee problem in order to found a solid and lasting peace. He then discusses two potential elements to this solution: compensation and resettlement in the Palestinian Authority. Topics:
* Israeli indifference to the situation and their denial of the "right of return"
* Compensating the Refugees
* Return to the Palestinian Authority

Gilen, Signe, Hovdenak, Are, Maktabi, Rania, Pedersen, Jon, and Tuastad, Dag. Finding Ways: Palestinian Coping Strategies in Changing Environments.
Norway: FAFO Report 177, 1994.

This study analyses different coping strategies of Palestinian families living as refugees. They have conducted field work in four sites: the Rashiddiya refugee camp in South Lebanon, the Askar camp in the West Bank, the Whidat and Baqa'a camp in Jordan, and Palestinian Neighborhoods in Amman. Researchers conclude that the Palestinians, coming from a wide range of backgrounds, have displayed a myriad of coping strategies for survival, the four main strategies being assimilation, segregation, incorporation and migration, where cases studied displayed varying mixtures of these strategies, while maintaining, however, a certain unity among strategies employed across all refugee groups. These include the family as a collective network, favorable legal regulation governing the Palestinian presence; accumulate knowledge in the form of specialized vocations and education; access to economically profitable labor markets; networks over geographical boundaries.
Topics:
* Characteristics of and the situation found in the refugee camps Rashidiyya in Lebanon, Askar in the West Bank, Wihdat and Baqa'a in Jordan, and communities of Palestinians outside of Amman.
* The differences and similarities between these geographical settings.
* The formal relationship of the Palestinians to the various states in which they are found and their legal status within those states.
* UNRWA's definition of registered Palestine refugees.
* The establishment of refugee communities.
* The social ties between refugees and the host country's inhabitants.
* Marriage patterns - within the refugee community and intermarriages with members of the host community.
* Economic adaptation to the host country, including individual analyses of Lebanon Jordan and the West Bank.
* The main economic concerns of refugees.
* Means of employment in host countries.

Appendix
* Arabic words used in the text, abbreviations, currency equivalents.

Ginat, Joseph. "A Proposal for a Permanent Settlement Plan for the Palestinian Refugees."
The University of Haifa.
This study focuses on the life within the refugee camps, interaction among the refugees, and interactions among the refugees and the relations between the refugees and the wider population. The author concludes with suggestions for a constructive solution.
Topics:
* History of Jewish refugees coming to Israel
* Palestinian representation in talks concerning the refugee issue
* References to Palestinian refugees in former treaties
* Definitions of "refugees"
* Employment in the camps
* Building in the camps
* Resettlement of the Refugees in Gaza - a model of the 70's
* A current proposal for the resettlement of refugees

Tables:
* Refugee [population] Scatter in the Arab Countries
* Projected Palestinian Population Growth Through the Year 2010

Hagopian, Edward. "Palestine's Arab Population: The Demography of the Palestinians."
Journal of Palestine Studies. vol. 3. no. 4. (Summer 1974).

This study evaluates the demography and geography of the Palestinian population in an effort to provide valuable information and an added dimension to our present knowledge of the history of the Palestinian people, while simultaneously providing useful information for determining future political policy. The results of this study also provide useful data concerning the nature and potential of Palestinian Human Resources. Topics:
* The period to 1918
* The period from 1919 to 1948
* The period form 1948 to 1952, including an analysis of the populations of Trans-Jordan, Syria, Gaza, Lebanon, and Israel
* The period from 1952 to June 1967
* The period after June 5, 1967 including a discussion of the educational system, the Arab population of Palestine, urbanization, health and infant mortality, economic activity, population and manpower policy objectives, female emancipation, and the agglomeration of manpower with specific economic activities

Tables:
* Distribution of the Total Population of Palestine During the British Mandate
* Increase of total Population of Palestine
* Rate of Natural Increase per 1000 of Mean Settled Palestinian Population
* Births and Birth Rates, Classified by Religion
* Life Expectation (in years) at Birth in Palestine and Other Countries, 1926-1944
* Educated Palestinian Arabs According to the 1931 Census
* Development of Arab Public and Private Schools
* Elementary and Secondary Students in Arab Public Schools for 1944
* Distribution of Palestinian Refugees by country and Type of Settlement in November 1952
* Statistics Concerning Registered Refugees
* Distribution of Total Registered Refugee Population and of Camp Population (1972)
* The Geographic distribution of Palestinians
* Number of Secondary School Students, Holders of General Secondary School Certificate and their Relative Numbers Among Arabs and Jews
* Technical Education in Israel
* The Arab Population in Palestine
* National Income and Per Capita National Income
* Per Capita Income of the Palestinian Population in the West Bank and Gaza Districts, 1963-1971

Hassassian, Manuel. "The Evolution of the Palestinian Refugee Problem."
Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics and Culture. Vol II. No. 4 Autumn 1995.

This article reviews the development of international policies regarding the Palestinian refugee problem.
Topics:
* UN attitude to the right of return
* The Universal Declaration of Human rights (1948)
* The Commission on Human Rights
* The Partition Resolution and Subsequent UN Resolutions
* The Committee on Palestinian Rights

Hazboun, Norma Masriyeh. Israeli Resettlement Schemes for Palestinian Refugees in the West Bank and Gaza Strip Since 1967.
(Ramallah: Shaml, 1996).

This study reviews several Israeli policies and proposals with regard to the resettlement of Palestinian refugees from the period dating after 1967. The focus of the research was concentrated on the Gaza refugees and the resettlement schemes directed towards this population. From her research, the author concluded that this policy was aimed primarily at dispersing the refugees in an effort to break their collective identity and quell their militancy. However, the author also notes that this effort was based on the false assumption that "most political problems can be reduced to social and economic problems," and therefore, these policies did not bring about the wanted goal.
Topics:
* The positions of the main Israeli political parties with regard to refugees and propositions for their resettlement
* Various schools of thought amongst Israeli political leaders regarding the refugee issue.
* Development plans as incentive to move out of the camps and into urban centers.
* Compensation plans
* Development/resettlement plans pre- and post-1967
* The plan of Minister Ben Porath to resettle on a voluntary basis
* Discussion of why Israelis focused resettlement efforts on the Gaza strip, rather than the West Bank * Inducements to immigrate
* Security measures of Israelis taken in the camps
* Israeli aims regarding resettlement
* Refugees interpretation of Israeli resettlement plans
* Israeli housing projects in Gaza
* Criteria for relocation
* The demolition of camp shelters
* Voluntary and compulsory relocation
* Resettlement as a measure to thwart refugee militancy

Tables:
* Refugees Attitudes concerning the Aims of Resettlement Projects
* Demolition of Rooms and Affected Families and Individuals in Gaza Strip Refugee Camps, as of June 1989
* Evaluation of Political Activities of Sheikh Radwan Refugee, Sheikh Radwan Residents Only
* Evaluation of Refugee Participation in Political Activities with Shati Camp Refugees, Shati Camp Residents Only
* Level of Political Participation, Shati Camp Residents only


Heiberg, Marianne, Ovensen, Geir. Palestinian Society in Gaza, West Bank, and Arab Jerusalem: A Survey of Living Conditions.
FAFO report #151. Oslo: Falch, 1993.

This survey provides a detailed summary of the living conditions among the Arabs of Gaza, the West Bank and Arab Jerusalem. The goal of this survey was to collect extensive statistical information concerning the following issues: household composition and demographics; housing conditions and amenities; education; employment, work force and work histories; sources of income; capital good, consumer durables and expenditures; savings and indebtedness; culture and leisure activities; health and psychological welfare; children and injury; political, religious, and social attitudes; travel and mobility; gender relations; women's work load and types of work; women's control over resources and decision making; women's attitudes to constraints and conventions; family planning; and birth histories.

Topics:
* The Fragmentation of Palestinian Society
* Urban-Rural Disparities
* Poverty, Migration, and Living Conditions
* Juridical Control and the Israeli Civil Administration
* Control of Land, Labour, and Infrastructure
* Loss of Control and Reaction to Powerlessness
* Defining "Palestinian"
* Palestinian Population History
* Characteristics of Population in the Occupied Territories
* Religious Affiliation
* Age and Gender
* Composition of Households
* Head of Household demographics
* Infant and Child Mortality
* Childhood mortality estimation
* Fertility
* Population Projections
* Housing
* Infrastructural Amenities: Water, Sewage, and Electricity
* Forms of Ownership
* Housing and Safety with Regard to Children
* Health
* Education
* A Brief Overview of the Evolution of the Palestinian Educational System
* Education and the Perception of Conflict
* Education's Impact on the Status of Women
* Household Income and Wealth
* Employment and Under-utilization of Labour
* Aspects of Social Stratification
* Opinions and Attitudes
* Attitudes on the Status of Women
* Attitudes to Social Divisions in Palestinian Social Divisions in Palestinian Society

Tables:
* The West Bank and the Gaza Strip Disparities in Socio-Economic Structure
* The geographical distribution of the households interviewed by the FAFO survey versus the place of birth of the fathers of the Head of Households in these homes
* Israeli reports of infant mortality rates in the occupied territories (selected years)
* Results of local studies of infant mortality using indirect methods
* Age structure of qualified females for child mortality estimation
* Sex ratios of children ever born, dead children, and proportion of dead children by age of mother at the time of interview
* Number of children ever born and children surviving by age group of mothers and sex of children
* Estimates of probability of dying by exact age of one and five, and life expectancy at birth (in common indices) using tow different versions
* Estimates of probability of dying by exact age x, one and five, and life expectancy at birth, Trussel version
* Comparisons of estimates of probability of dying by exact age one and five for FALCOT 92, UNICEF, AND JFPPA and Israeli reported figures for the West Bank
* Comparisons of estimates of probability of dying by exact age of one and five for FALCOT 92, Jordan, Syria, and Israel. Deaths per 100 births.
* Number of children ever born and estimated number of children born during the year preceding the survey
* Estimates of period fertility rates, cumulated fertility and Period/Fertility ratios
* Age specific fertility rates for conventional age groups and adjusted ASFR for different choices of K
* Assumed Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) and Corresponding Life Expectancy at Birth for the projection period
* Distribution of projections by assumption on TFR and net migration balance
* Assumptions of projections one though six
* Assumed age structure of migration
* Relative size of specific age groups and amount of growth by year 2012
* Summary assumptions and results of projection 4 of expected population change
* Main material used in house construction by region
* Type of dwelling by region
* Number of rooms per housing unit by locality
* Mean square meters per housing unit
* Percentage of Palestinian households with gardens, courtyards or roof areas by type of locality
* Percentage of households with mains, electricity, piped potable water and telephone by locality
* Type of household sewage system to locality in percentage of households
* Infrastructural index by locality
* Percentage of households that own specific, standard household items
* Forms of ownership by type of locality
* Kinship relations between households in multi-household buildings
* Forms of ownership by type of locality
* Kinship relations between households in multi-household buildings
* Availability of safe playing areas inside house by density of house
* Where was the child injured in percentage of households by region
* The place of child's injury by density of household
* Self-reported incidences of acute illness and/or injury per woman per year and per man per year in different countries
* Illness and/or injury and absence from normal duties 3 days or more last month, per cent
* Prolonged illness and problems going out on his/her own, per cent
* Specific groups of prolonged illnesses Cases of selected prolonged illnesses and afflictions due to injury or handicap. Per cent of total population (respondents)
* Years of education, illness, last moth, prolonged illness, by age. Per cent (respondents)
* Acute and prolonged illness and degree of distress, per cent
* Prolonged illness and degree of distress by age, per cent
* Smoking, per cent
* During your illness, did you consult a physician: Per cent (cases)
* Where did the consultation take place? Per cent (cases)
* Health insurance coverage rates. Per cent (respondents)
* Frequencies of symptoms of distress by gender. Per cent (number of persons affected)
* Frequencies of symptoms of distress in the occupied territories and in Norway (per cent respondents)
* Degree of psychological distress by age and gender (per cent)
* Geographical area, refugee status, camp residency and degree of distress (per cent)
* Possible effects of trauma of arrest of household members on degree of psychological distress
* Serious injury of children -- Relationship between high degree of distress and serious injury of children in the family (respondents had children below the age of twelve)
* Adult literacy rates by region and gender
* Percentage of Palestinians leaving school with 9 years or less of education by age
* Main reason for leaving school with 9 years of less of education by age ( percentage)
* Educational attainment of 20-29 age group by the education attainment of their heads of household
* Wealth categories by educational attainment
* Wealth categories for refugees and non-refugees by educational attainment
* Percentage of Palestinians who pursue selected leisure activities by years of education
* Degree of perceived influence within family by education of respondent
* Degree of perceived influence within neighborhood by education of respondents
* Degree of perceived influence within family by age of respondent
* Responses to the statement: "What one achieves in life is mainly dependent on his or her family's social background"
* Responses to the statement: "One's achievement in life depend on family solidarity
* Responses to the statement: "Man's destiny is written in advance"
* Perceived degree of conflict between management and workers by education of respondent
* Perceived degree of conflict between young and old by education of respondent
* Women's freedom of movement by education of women
* Women's attitudes concerning the acceptability of women working outside the home by educational levels
* Men's attitudes concerning the acceptability of women working outside the home by educational levels
* Men's attitudes to the acceptability of western clothes for women by educational level
* Forms of dress worn by women by women's educational levels
* Men's attitudes on a woman's right to choose her own husband by educational levels
* Percentage of men and women who are or have been married by educational level
* HH stratification indicators
* The four socioeconomic status indicators
* HH perception of his/ her influence in the neighborhood and village/town by socioeconomic status.
* Attitudes on the role of family background by HH socio-economic status
* Attitudes to social conflicts by socioeconomic status
* Women's attitudes on the acceptability of western dress by what they actually wear
* Forms of dress worn by women outside home by age groups
* Percentage of Palestinians who perceive the degree of conflict as strong or very strong, by region
* Percentage of Palestinians who perceive the degree of conflict as strong or very strong by gender
* Impact of background variable on perception of conflict
* Religious index by region
* Religious index by type of locality
* Religiosity index by economic strata
* Religious index by age, for men
* Religious index by age, for women
* Religiosity index by educational level, for men
* Percentage who feel western dress acceptable by religiosity index
* Which of the following countries is the most suitable model for a future Palestinian state by gender
* Ultimate loyalty by arrest record of household members
* Appraisal of life conditions by age group
* Appraisal of life condition by refugee status
* Male comp refugees appraisal of life conditions by generation
* Female camp refugees appraisal of life condition by generation
* Appraisal of life conditions by gender and region
* Men's appraisal of their own lives by type of locality
* Responses to the question: "Do you think the lives of you children will be better than that of your own?"
* Male non-refugees' assessment of the future by generations
* Male camp refugees' assessment of the future by generations
* Assessment of the future by gender and region
* Marital status by age
* Age at marriage by region
* Median age at marriage by year of birth
* Marriage age by current age
* Median marriage age by year of birth
* Opinions as to degree of input a girl should have when she marries
* Response to the question: "Do you think it is right to have your daughter married at age. . . ?"
* Percentage who answers yes to the questions "Do you think it is right to have your daughter married at age. . ." (By marriage age)
* Response to the question: "Would you like your daughter to marry later than you did?" (By actual marriage age)
* Response to the question: "Do you have anything that is your own that you could sell or mortgage to raise money?"
* Married women owning jewelry (by age)
* Married women's ownership of salable jewelry by urban-rural dimension
* Response to the question: "Can you get economic help form in-house realities?"
* Response to the question: "Can you get economic help from relatives outside house?" (by marital status)
* Response to the question: "Can you get economic help from a friend?"
* Response to the question: "Are you free to move at will?" (by age)
* Response to the question: "Are you free to move at will?" (by marital status)
* Percentage of women who feel free to move at will (by marital status and area)
* Response to the question: "Are you free to move at will. by urban-rural dimension. (Women age 20 years or more)
* Response to the question: "Are you free to move at will?" (by dress forms)
* Response to the question: "Are you free to fo to the following destinations?"
* Response to the question: "Is it acceptable for women to work outside the house?" (by age)
* Response to the question: "Is it acceptable for women to run a business?" (by age)
* Response to the question: "Would you like your daughter to work in a professional job?" (by age)
* Response to the question: "Is it acceptable for women to put their children in daycare?" (by age)
* Percentage who answers "yes" to the question: "Is it acceptable for women to work outside the house?" (by age and region)
* Percentage who answers "yes" to the question: "Is it acceptable for women to put their children in daycare?" (by age and region)
0 * Estimates of the permanent population (non-Jewish) in the Gaza Strip, West Bank and Arab Jerusalem
* Estimate of the adult non-Jewish population in the Gaza Strip, West Bank, and Jerusalem
* Regional sample allocation
* Stratification of primary sampling units (Gaza Strip)
* Population and sample number of cells, and aggregate household sample size for each of the sample Primary Sampling Units (PSU's) (Gaza Strip)
* Population estimates of West Bank Strata
* Allocation of West Bank household sample on strata (proportionate allocation)
* Total and sample number of PSUs in the West Bank strata
* Total and sample number of cells, and household sample size in the West Bank and samply PSUs
* Total and sample number of cells, and household sample size in the West Bank sample PSUs
* Stratification of Arab Jerusalem PSUs
* Arab Jerusalem sample of PSUs and PSU sample size (households)
* Standard error estimates for proportions
* Number of (net) respondents and non-respondents in the tree parts of the survey
* Distribution of population by sub region and type of locality
* Distribution of population by refugee status, religion, and marital status
* Age distribution by region and type of locality
* Age distribution by religion and refugee status
* Age distribution in Gaza and the West Bank by refugee status
* Household composition by region and type of locality
* Household composition by refugee status
* Household composition in occupied territories by religion
* Household composition by age of head of household
* Percent of household in which the head is not the oldest male or oldest person
* Household wealth by region, refugee status and religion
* Household wealth by household composition and Head of Household characteristics
* Household wealth in Gaza and the West Bank by sub-region, type of locality, refugee status and religion
* Household wealth in Gaza and the West Bank by household composition and Head of Household characteristics
* Household weekly meat consumption by region and selected background variables
* Household weekly meat consumption by household composition and Head of Household characteristics
* Change in household income since the Gulf War in percent of households by selected background variables
* Percent households earning labour income from selected trades
* Head of Household labour income index by selected background variable, Occupied territories
* Head of Household labour income index in Gaza and the West Bank by selected background variables
* Household income types by Head of Household labour activity
* Household income types in Gaza and the West Bank by Head of Household labour activity
* Percent of households receiving various non-labour income types by selected background variables
* Distribution of household income sources by household wealth group
* Comparative labour force participation rates FAFO 1992 and CBS 1990
* Comparison of unemployment rates in the FAFO 1992 and CBS 1990 surveys
* Distribution of employed persons in the FAFO and CBS surveys
* International comparison of labour force participation rates
* Regional comparison of labour force participation rates
* Labour force participation rates by region, gender, and selected background variables
* Unemployed persons as percentage of the labour force by gender, region and selected background variables
* "Discouraged" workers as percent of persons not in labour force by selected background variables
* Full-time and part-time employed persons as a percentage of labour force members by selected background variables
* Full-time and part-time employed persons as a percentage of male labour force members in Gaza and the West bank by selected background variables
* Labour force members by region, sub-region, type of locality, refugee status, religion, sex and age
* Labour force members by region, education, and occupation
* Male labour force members by main region, sub-region, type of locality, refugee status, religion, gender, and age
* Male labour force members by region, education, and occupation
* Comparative composition of labour force in the occupied territories and in Israel by gender, age and education
* Main employment of labour force members who worked at least one month the previous year by region of residence, type and economic branch of work, employment stability and average daily two-way travel time
* Main employment of labour force members who worked at least one month the previous year by region of residence place of work, education, and occupation
* Distribution of labour force members by region of residence, place of work and selected background variables
* Distribution of labour force members by region of residence, place of work, age and education
* Main employment of labour force members who worked at least one moth the previous year by place, type, ad economic branch of work, employment stability and average daily two-way travel time
* Labour force members who worked at least one month the previous year by main palce of work, education and occupation
* Main employment of labour force members resedent in Gaza and the West Bank who worked at least one month the previous year by palce, type, and economic branch of work, employment stability and average daily two-way travel time
* Main employment of labour force members resident in Gaza and the West Bank who worked for at least one month the previous year, by palce of work, education and occupation
* Comparative composition of persons residing in the occupied territories who worked one month or more the previous year and "non-Jewish" and Jewish labour force members in Israel by gender, age and education
* Comparative composition of persons residing in the occupied territories who worked for one month or more the previous year and "non-Jewish" and Jewish employed persons in Israel by type of work and economic sector
* Labour force participation ratios for working women by location of work
* Labour force members by sex, main region, refugee status, religion, and age
* Labour force members by sex, region, education, and occupation
* Labour force members who worked at least one month the previous year by gender, type, and economic branch of work, employment and average daily two-way travel time
* Labour force members who worked at least one moth the previous year by sex, region, education and occupation
* Weekly time use for women by labour force status
* Weekly time use for women in Gaza and the West Bank by labour force status


Figures:
* Distribution of population 15 years or older by region and type of locality
* Comparative 1987 population density in the occupies territories and Israel
* Distribution of population by refugee status
* Distribution of population in Gaza and the West Bank by sub-region and type of locality (i.e. camps, towns, cities)
* Distribution of population in Gaza, in five-year age groups by gender
* Distribution of population in the West Bank, in five-year age groups by gender
* Distribution of population in Arab Jerusalem, in five-year age groups by gender
* Household composition by region and type of locality
* Household composition by refugee status
* Total number of persons in households by age of Head of Household in Gaza, the West Bank, and Arab Jerusalem
* Household composition (i.e. number of children, adult males, and adult females) by age of Head of Household
* Infant mortality rate
* Child mortality rate
* Age pyramid for the 1992 OT population, as estimated by FAFO living conditions survey
* Age pyramid for the 2012 OT population, as estimated by projection 4
* Projections of OT population. Six alternative series
* Population projections
* Dependency ratios at year 2012 for projections one to six
* Persons per room by locality and in neighboring countries
* Percent with three persons or more per room
* Relative density of Palestinian households by type of locality
* Percentage of households with internal facilities by locality
* Internal comfort index by type of locality
* Availability of sage playing areas for children 12 years or less inside and outside house in percentage of households by locality
* General housing standards by type of locality
* Adult (15 years of age or more) literacy rates in percentage (of selected Arab countries)
* Adult literacy rates by gender
* Adult literacy rates by gender and age
* Mean number of completed school years by gender and age groups
* Years of education by region
* Household wealth in the occupied territories by region
* Household wealth in Gaza and the West Bank by sub region
* Household wealth in Gaza and the West Bank by type of locality
* Household wealth in Gaza and the West Bank by refugee status
* Household wealth by Head of Household's education
* Household weekly meat consumption by region and type of locality
* Change in household income since the Gulf War in percent of households by region
* Number of income types of households in the occupied territories
* Change in household income since the Gulf War in households with only one source of income
* Percentage of households receiving labour income types
* Percent of households earning income from labour activity and type of locality
* Full-time employed persons in percent of total population by region
* Household labour income by Head of Household labour activity
* Percent of households receiving various labour income types for all households receiving only one type of income
* Percentage of households receiving non-labour income types
* Percentage of households receiving social benefits by region and type of locality
* Household non-labour income by Head of Household labour activity
* Percent of household receiving various non-labour income types for all households and households receiving only one type of income
* Household labour income types by household wealth
* Household non-labour income types by household wealth
* Labour survey definitions used by FAFO
* International comparisons of labour force participation ratios
* Regional comparisons of labour force participation ratios
* Male labour force participation ratios by age
* Male labour force participation ratios by refugee status
* Types of labour under-utilization
* Unemployed persons as percentage of the labour force by gender and region
* Full-time/part time employment in percent of male labour force 20-59 years of age by region
* Full-time and part time employed persons as percentage of male labour force by education
* Comparative composition of labour force in the occupied territories and Israel, by gender
* Comparative composition of labour force in the occupied territories and Israel, by age
* Comparative composition of labour force in the occupied territories and Israel, by education
* Graphic presentation of labour markets for men
* Characteristics of labour markets for workers from the occupied territories
* Labour force composition by main type of work previous year
* Labour force composition by main economic branch of work previous year
* Male labour force members by years of education
* Labour force composition by main place of work previous year
* Labour force members in Gaza and the West Bank by main place of work previous year
* Main place of work previous year of labour force members in Gaza and the West Bank by type of locality
* Main place of work previous year of labour force members in Gaza and the West Bank by household wealth
* Main place of work previous year of labour force members by age
* Employed persons in the occupied territories and Israel, by gender
* Employed persons in the occupied territories and Israel by type of work
* Employed persons in the occupied territories and Israel, by economic branch
* Job stability of employed persons in the occupied territories measure by number of jobs over previous year and main place of work
* Job stability of employed persons in the occupied territories measured by number of working weeks over previous two months and main place of work
* Daily two-way travel time to place of work of employed persons in the occupied territories measured by number of working weeks over previous two months and main place of work
* Graphical presentation of female employment
* Labour force participation ratios for working women by location of work
* Female labour force participation rates by region
* Weekly time use for women by labour force status
* Head of Household (HH) socio-economic distribution index
* Socioeconomic status by locality of HH
* Socioeconomic status by locality of HH
* The conflict index by locality of HH
* Comparison between men's and women's attitudes concerning women
* Comparison between men's and women's attitudes concerning women by region
* Appropriate roles for married women by region and gender
* Reaction to female household member appearing in public without a head scar by region and gender
* Percentage of women who approve of day care, women working outside house and western dress by age
* Percentage of men who approve of day care, women working outside home and western dress by age
* Degree of women's perceived influence in percent by religiosity index
* What is the main attribute you wish to see in a future Palestinian state political preferences by gender
* Men's political preferences by age groups
* Women's political preferences by age groups
* Political preferences by educational level, for men
* Political preferences by educational level, for women
* Localities most associated and least associated with specific political preferences
* Responses to the question: "For whom would you be willing to make the ultimate sacrifice?" (Political loyalties by gender)
* Men's ultimate loyalties by type of locality
* Ultimate political loyalties by age groups
* Political loyalties by economic strata
* Response to the question, " When you look back at your life with all its ups and downs, so you think that you life has been better or worse than that of your parents?"
* Overview of the Sampling Stages and the corresponding Sampling Units at each stage
* Construction of labour force categories in the FAFO 1992 living conditions survey for the occupied territories


Appendices:
* Sampling Strategy
* Recruitment, Training, and Organization of the Field Work


Heller, Mark A., and Nusseibeh, Sari. No Trumpets, No Drums: A Two-State Settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. (New York: Hill and Wang), 1991.

This study, co-authored by one Israeli and one Palestinian political science scholars, aims to address the issue of a two state solution, and practical options for the issues accompanying this goal. Along with the refugee issue, they address the topics of security arrangements, the demarcation and meaning of borders, settlements, water, Jerusalem, regionalization and internationalization, and implementation of the agreement. This entry is directed towards their assessment of the refugee question. Their statement begins on the premise that the refugee issue is at the heart of the Israeli-Arab conflict, for it deeply touches the collective memory of the Palestinian people. Their discussion addresses who the refugees are and where they are located, the ramifications of resettlement within a Palestinian state, and the issue of compensation versus return.

Topics:
* Refugee camp residents.
* Other Palestinians.
* Resettlement in the state: demographic ramifications
* The right of return.

Ovensen, Geir. Responding to Change, Trends in Palestinian Household Economy. FAFO report 166. Oslo: 1994

The aim of this report is to depict the conditions under which Palestinian households of the Gaza and West Bank refugee are living as of autumn 1993.

Topics:
* The particular economic vulnerability of the Occupied Territories
* Model for household adaptation
* Labour-Force Participation, Under-Utilization of Labour, and Employment Patterns
* Household Economy


Tables:
* Labour-force participation rates, by gender and source
* Gaza labour-force participation rates, by gender and source
* Labour-force in Gaza including those active in household production, by age
* Labour force scenarios, Gaza year 2000
* Household income types, by main geographical area
* Income types, by main geographical area and labour-force participant in household
* Net liquid household wealth, by index for household possession of consumer durables
* Net liquid household wealth, by main geographical area ad discourage worker in household
* Reduction of net wealth as coping strategy, household prototypes
* Net liquid household wealth, by main geographical area and no. of persons in household
* Net liquid household wealth, by main geographical area and head of households gender
* Estimates of sample variability for some individual level variables
* International comparison of crude labour-force participation rates.
* Gaza labour-force participation, by gender and sub-region
* Gaza labour-force participation, by gender and sub-region
* Gaza labour-force participation, by gender and refugee status
* Gaza labour force participation, by gender and number of adult males in household
* Gaza labour-force participation, by gender and age
* Gaza labour-force participation by gender and education
* Gaza labour-force participation, by gender and marital status
* Average age, by main geographical area, and gender and labour-force status
* Labour force, by main geographical area, gender, age, education and occupation
* Gaza labour force, by gender, age education and occupation
* Labour-force in the West Bank refugee camps, by gender, age, education, and occupation
* Full-time/part-time and unemployment rates, by gender and main geographical area (ILO definitions)
* Male full-time, part time and unemployed rates, by main geographical area and age
* Male full-time, part-time and unemployed rates, by main geographical area and education
* 1993 and 1992 employment in Israel, by gender and main geographical area of residence
* 1993 and 1992 male employment in Israel, by sub-area of residence
* 1993 employment situation of men who worked in Israel in 1992, but not in 1993, by main geographical area of residence
* Discouraged workers, by gender and main geographical area
* Persons outside the labour force who do not want to start working, by gender and main geographical area: reasons cited
* Discouraged workers, reasons for not working or seeking jobs, by gender and main geographical area
* Discourage workers, by main geographical area, gender, and age
* Discouraged workers, by main geographical area, gender and education
* Employed persons wanting/not wanting more work, by gender and main geographical area
* Employed males wanting/not wanting more work, by main geographical area and age
* Employed males wanting/not wanting more work, by main geographical area and education
* Employed persons with ten or more years of education, by gender, main geographical area, and type of job
* Employed persons with 13 or more years of education, by gender, main geographical area and type of job
* Types of under-utilization of labour, by gender, and main geographical area
* Employment situation, by gender and main geographical area
* Employment situation, by gender and sub-region
* Employment situation, by gender and refugee status
* Employment situation, by gender and age
* Employment situation, by gender and education
* Main area of work in 1993 of those working in Israel in 1992 by main geographical area of residence
* Employment situation in 1993 of those working in Israel in 1992, by main geographical residence
* 1993/1992 male employment in Israel, by refugee status
* Employed males who worked mainly in Israel, by main geographical area of residence and age
* Employed males who worked mainly in Israel, by main geographical area of residence and education
* Employed males who worked mainly in Israel, by main geographical area of residence and marital status
* Main area of work in 1993 for persons working in the Occupied Territories (OT) or abroad in 1992, by gender and main geographical area of residence
* Employment situation in 1993 for persons working in the OT or abroad in 1992, by gender and main geographical area of residence
* Main area of work in 1993 for persons who did not work in 1992, by gender and main geographical area of residence
* Employment situation in 1993 for persons who did not work in 1992, by gender and main geographical area of residence
* Type, sector, and place of employment, by area of work, and main geographical area of residence, males, 1993
* Type, place, and sector of employment, by area of work and main geographical area of residence, males, 1992
* Number of work weeks, status, and type of pay, by area of work and main geographical area of residence, 1993
* Type, place and sector of employment for persons employed in the Occupied Territories in 1993, but working in Israel in 1992
* Work-weeks, status and type of pay for persons employed in the Occupied Territories in 1993, but working in Israel in 1992
* Average age and years of education, by main geographical area of residence and labour force status
* Average age and years of education of workers in the sample employed in Israel, by year and main geographical area of residence
* Type, place, and sector of employment, by gender and main geographical area of residence, 1993
* Work-weeks, status and type of pay by gender and main geographical area of residence, 1993
* Type, place and sector of employment, by refugee status, males 1993
* Number of work weeks, status and type of pay, by refugee status, males 1993
* Persons responsible for household production, by gender and main geographical area
* Persons responsible for household production, by gender and refugee status
* Persons responsible for household production, by gender and age
* Persons responsible for household production, by gender and labour force status
* Persons responsible for household production, by gender and employment situation
* Household production among men who lost employment in Israel from 1992 to 1993, by main geographical area.
* Gaza labour-force participation including active in household production, by gender and age
* Scenarios for the labour force in Gaza 1992-2002
* Determinants of labour force participation
* Household production changes, by main geographical area
* Household production changes, by refugee status
* Household production, by labour force participation
* Household production, by full-time employment in household
* Household production, by unemployment in household
* Household production, by discourage workers in household
* Household production, by under-utilized workers in household
* Household production, by person losing employment in Israel in household
* Labour force categories of household members, by household size
* Household production, by main geographical area
* Household production, by refugee status
* Household production, by sub area
* Gaza Household production, by household size
* Household production plans, by main geographical area
* Household production plans, by sub-area
* Household production plans, by refugee status
* Household production use, by main geographical area
* Household production use, by refugee status
* 1993 index for household possession of consumer durables, by refugee status
* 1993 index for household possession of consumer durables, by household size
* 1993 index for household possession of consumer durables by gender of head of household
* Household income types, by sub-area
* Household income types, by refugee status
* Household income types, by household size
* Changes in labour income form 1992 to 1993, by main geographical area
* Changes in non-labour income from 1992 to 1993, by main geographical area
* Changes in wages form 1992 to 1993, by sub-area
* Changes in wages form 1992 to 1993, by household size
* Household income types, by index for household possession of consumer durables
* Household income types of main importance, by main geographical area and unemployed worker in household
* Household income types, by main geographical area an unemployed worker in household
* Household income types of main importance, by main geographical area and "discouraged worker" in household
* Household income types, by main geographical area and discouraged worker in household
* Household income types, by main geographical area and discouraged worker in household
* Household income types of main importance, by main geographical area and worker who lost employment in Israel in household
* Household income types, by main geographical area and worker who lost employment in Israel in household
* Household income types of main importance, by main geographical area and full-time worker in household
* Household income types, by main geographical area and full time worker in household
* Household income types of main importance, by main geographical area and unemployed worker in household
* Household income types, by main geographical area and labour force participant in household
* Household income types of main importance, by main geographical are and gender of household head
* Household income types, by main geographical area and gender of household head
* Net household liquid wealth, by main geographical area
* Net household liquid wealth, by sub-region
* Net household liquid wealth, by refugee status
* Net household liquid wealth, by household wealth index
* Net household liquid wealth, by main geographical area and discouraged worker in household
* Net household liquid wealth, by main geographical area and unemployed worker in household
* Net household liquid wealth, by main geographical area and full-time worker in household
* Net household liquid wealth, by main geographical area and household size
* Net household liquid wealth, by main geographical area and labour force member in household
* Net household liquid wealth, by main geographical area and lost employment in Israel in household
* Net household liquid wealth, by main geographical area and households gender
* Employment on household level, by refugee status


Figures:
* Economic situation in recent years
* The household model
* Labour survey definitions used by FAFO
* International comparison of crude labour-force participation rates
* Gaza labour-force participation, by gender and sub-region
* Gaza labour-force participation, by gender and refugee status
* Gaza labour-force participation by gender and number of adult males in household
* Gaza labour-force participation, by gender and age
* Gaza labour force participation, by gender and education
* Gaza labour-force participation by gender and marital status
* Average age of adults, 15 years or older, by gender, main geographical are and labour force status
* Types of labour under-utilization
* Unemployment rates, by gender and main geographical area (ILO definitions)
* 1993 and 1992 employment in Israel, by gender and main geographical area of residence.
* 1993 and 1992 male employment in Israel by sub-area
* 1993 employment situation of men who worked in Israel in 1992 but not 1993, by main geographical area of residence
* "Discouraged workers" by gender and main geographical area
* Persons outside the labour force who do not want to start working, by gender and main geographical area.
* Reasons for not working or seeking jobs among "discourage" workers, by gender and main geographical area
* Discouraged workers, by main geographical area, gender and age
* Discourage workers, by main geographical area, gender and education
* Full-time, part-time and unemployment rates, by gender and main geographical area
* Employed persons wanting/not wanting more work, by gender and main geographical area
* Employed persons with 10 or more years of education by gender, main geographical area, and type of job
* Employed persons with 13 or more years of education by gender, main geographical area and type of job
* Types of under-utilization of labour, by gender and main geographical area
* Employment situation, by gender and main geographical area
* Labour under-utilization, by gender and age
* Labour under-utilization, by gender and education
* Male employment situation, by gender and education in Gaza
* Female employment situation, by gender and education in Gaza
* Main area of work in 1993 of those working in Israel in 1992, by main geographical region of residence
* Employment situation of those working in Israel in 1992 by main geographic region of residence
* 1993/1992 male employment in Israel, by refugee status
* Employed males who work mainly in Israel, by geographical area and age
* Employed males who worked mainly in Israel, by main geographical area and education
* Employed males who worked mainly in Israel, by main geographical area and marital status
* Main area of work in 1993 for persons who worked in the OT or abroad, by gender and main geographical area
* Employment situation in 1993 for persons who worked in the OT or abroad in 1992, by gender and main geographical area
* Main area of work in 1993 for persons who did not work in 1992, by gender and main geographical area
* Employment situation in 1993 for persons who did not work in 1992, by gender and main geographical area
* Type of employment, by area of work and main geographical area of residence 1993
* Sector of employment by area of work and main geographical area of residence 1993
* Type of employment, by gender and main geographical area
* Persons responsible for household production, by gender and age
* Persons responsible for household production, by gender and labour-force status
* Persons responsible for household production, by gender and employment situation
* Participation in household production among men who lost employment in Israel from 1992 to 1993, by main geographical area
* Household production changes, by main geographical area
* Household production, by discouraged workers in household
* Household production, by workers who lost employment in Israel in household
* Household production, by under-utilized workers in household
* Labour force categories of household members, by household size
* Household production, by main geographical area
* Household production, by refugee status
* Household production, by household size
* Household production place by main geographical area
* Household production use, by main geographical area
* 1993 index for household possession of consumer durables by refugee status
* Household income types of main importance, by main geographical area
* Changes in wages form 1992 to 1993, by main geographical area
* Changes in non-labour income from public sources, by main geographical area
* Household income types, by index for possession of consumer durables
* Income types of main importance, by main geographical area and unemployed worker in household
* Income types of main importance, by main geographical area and discourage worker in household
* Household index for possession of consumer durable, by main geographical area an unemployed worker in household
* Household index for possession of consumer durable, by main geographical area and discouraged worker in household
* Income types of main importance, by main geographical area and workers who lost employment in Israel in household
* Household index for possession of consumer durables, by main geographical area and workers who lost employment in Israel in household
* Household income types of main importance, by household size
* Index for household possession of consumer durables, by household size
* Income types of main importance, by main geographical area and full-time worker in household
* Household index for possession of consumer durables, by main geographical area and full-time worker in household
* Income types of main importance, by main geographical area and labour-force participant in household
* The index for household possession of consumer durables, by main geographical area and labour-force member in household
* The index for household possession of consumer durables, by main geographical area and gender of head of household
* Household size, by main geographical area and gender of head of household
* Labour-force member in household, by main geographical area and gender of head of household
* Time sequence for reduction of net liquid wealth


Appendices:
* The Sample of the FALUP study
* The Field Work
* Tables to "Labour-force participation, under-utilization of labour and employment patterns" (tables listed above)
* Tables to "Household economy" (tables listed above)

Khashan, Hilal. "The Despairing Palestinians." Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies. Vol. XVI. No. 1. Fall, 1992.

The intent of this paper is to look into the major sources for Palestinian frustrations. The author concludes that the major source of discontent among the Palestinians is their inability to integrate into their host countries. Western countries are preferable, but limited in the number of Palestinians that may enter, and Arab countries are limited with regard to the level of assimilation that may be achieved.

Topics:
* Coping strategies of Palestinian refugees
* Research Variable and Analytical Procedure
* Sources of Frustration
* Physical Mobility
* Interaction with Lebanese Groups
* Occupational Conditions
* Expression of Political Views
* Personal Safety
* National Cause
* Manifestation of Frustration
* Shunning of Involvement in Local Politics
* Disenchantment with Arabism
* Break with the PLO
* Amenability to Permanent Settlement Outside Palestine

Tables:
* Physical Mobility Scale
* Inter-group interaction scale
* Occupational Satisfaction Scale
* Expression of Political Views
* Sources of Worry About Personal Safety
* Probability of Palestinian Statehood
* Support of Lebanon's Communities
* Precedence of Nationalistic Orientation
* Manifestations of Radicalism
* Political Allegiance
* Probing Alternatives for Resolving the Palestinian Problem


Khalidi, Rashid I., Rabinovich, Itamar. "The Palestinian Right of Return: Two Views." Cambridge Massachusetts: International Security Studies Program, American Academy of Arts and Sciences. October, 1990.

In this publication, Khalidi and Rabinovich each represent the Palestinian and Israeli viewpoints on the "right of return" for Palestinians. Khalidi comments on the critical nature of this issue and presents a picture of the evolution both Palestinian attitudes towards and the international discourse concerning this issue and the Arab-Israeli conflict in general. Finally he explores the issue of return more specifically, addressing the issue of who is to return, to where, when, and under what circumstances.
Rabinovich describes the source and nature of Israeli hesitation concerning Palestinian return. He addresses both political and social attitudes towards this topic

Topics: (Khalidi)
* Self-determination and the Right of Return
* Evolution of the Concept of the Right of Return
* The Right of Return in the Context of an Israeli-Palestinian Settlement

(Rabinovich)
* The Israeli domestic Debate
* The PLO and a Two-State Solution
* Social conditions for peace
* The growing gap between Israeli and Arab societies

Khalidi, Rashid. "The Palestinian Refugee Problem: A Possible Solution." Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics and Culture. Vol. II No. 4. Autumn 1995.

This article emphasizes Israel's responsibility for the Palestinian refugee problem and records certain requirements necessary for a just solution.

Topics:
* The historic responsibility of Israel.
* The importance of holding Israel accountable
* Conditions which must be met in order to have obtained "justice."
* The special cases of the refugees in Lebanon and Jordan.


Kossaifi, George, The Palestinian Refugees and the Right of Return. July, 1996

In this article the author offers an overview of the Palestinian refugee problem, and the development of principles and resolutions created to address this issue.

Topics:
* The Demography of the 1948 refugees and the 1967 Displaced Persons
* The Palestinian Refugee Population in 1948
* The size of the Palestinian refugee population in 1948
* The geographic distribution of the Palestinian refugee population in 1948
* UNRWA Statistics
* Definition of Palestinian refugees
* The Palestinian population in the camps
* The Palestinian population displaced in 1967
* The size of the Palestinian population from June to September 1967
* The continuation of the exodus form 1968 to 1986
* Categories of 1967 displaced persons
* The Right of Return in United Nations Resolutions
* The Right of Return as Discussed in the Bilateral and Multilateral Negotiations
* The Arab-Israeli Bilateral Agreements
* The Multilateral Refugee Working Group
* The Continuing Committee on the 1967 Displaced Persons
* The Right of Return in Official Israeli Policies
* The Position of the Likud Party
* The Position of the Labor Party
* The Return of Return: Prerequisites for a Just and Lasting Solution

Tables:
* UNRWA statistics for June of 1995 in comparison with a projected Palestinian refugee population for the same year.
* Distribution of the Palestinian Population by Country/Area of Residence, 1995
* Estimates of the 1948 Palestinian refugees by source
* Number of Palestinian Refugees Registered with UNRWA, 1950-1955
* Palestinian Population in Camps by Area of Residence 1950, 1957, 1967, 1968, and 1995
* Estimated Forced Migration form West Bank and Gaza 1967-1986
* Different Estimates of the 1967 Displaced Population from the West Bank and Gaza Strip by Source
* The Right of Return in Selected UN Resolutions Concerning the Palestinian People: 1948 to 1995
* Issues of Palestinian Refugees and Displaced as Agreed Upon in the Peace Agreements: Camp David, Declaration of Principles and the Jordanian-Israeli Peace Treaty
* Multi-lateral Refugee Working Group
* Continuing Committee on the 1967 Displaced Persons
* The Right of Return in Official Israeli Policies

Appendices:
* General Assembly Resolutions Concerning the Palestinian People and the Situation in the Middle East Issued in 1995
* Chronology of Recent Events
* Official Israeli Policies Regarding the Palestine Question


Marx, Emanuel. "Changes in Arab Refugee Camps." The Jerusalem Quarterly. Number 8. (Summer 1978).

This study examines the condition of the Arab refugees in the aftermath of the 1967 War. The study revealed that major changes had taken place amongst this population. First, the Palestinians did find work, primarily through their connection to Israel, and became much more urbanized in the process. Second, the refugee camps lost their temporary nature and became low-class residential neighborhoods. Third, UNRWA, whose original purpose was that of a relief organization, had become an institutionalized bureaucracy. Fourth, the term "Palestinian refugee " took on the stigma of a poor, bereft camp-dweller, rather than also applying to the wealthier and more educated as well.

Topics:
* The camp population of the West Bank
* Work options available to refugees
* The transition of the camp to that of a virtual residential suburb
* The reduced funding of UNRWA

Marx, Emanuel. "Palestinian Refugee Camps in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip." Middle Eastern Studies. Vol. 28 No. 2, April 1992, pp. 281-294.

The purpose of this article is to show the development of the UNRWA camps up to their present state. Dr. Marx argues that the camps have gradually become integrated into the regions economy. In addition, he raises the question to what extent the residents of these camps or neighborhoods are still refugees.

Topics:
* How the refugee camps were established
* The refugee camps themselves
* The houses
* UNRWA services and staff
* Why are there Still Refugees?


Marx, Emanuel. "Rehabilitation of Refugees in the Gaza Strip." International Problem, Society, and State 5: 64-73. [Hebrew].

The article aims to make a current assessment of the conditions of the Palestinian Refugees in the Gaza Strip. The study was conducted through asking questions for which the answers were once assumed to be understood, and are now unclear. The issues include inquiries into the living conditions of the refugees as compared to the rest of Gaza residents. Marx provides detailed suggestions as to how to ease to refugee problem. These include a discussion of the transformation and integration of refugee camps into local urban centers and the gradual transference of the work of UNRWA to the local authority.

Topics:
* The differences between refugees and other Gaza residents.
* The definition of a "refugee."
* What of the living conditions within the refugee camps.
* What are the living conditions of the refugees in relation to the living conditions of the residents.


Masalha, Nur. Israeli Plans to Resettle the Palestinian Refugees 1948 - 1972. (Ramallah: Palestinian Diaspora and Refugee Centre [SHAML] 1996.)

This paper offers a historical overview of Israeli discussions and programs directed towards resettling the Palestinian refugees from 1948 to 1972. Masalha discusses the Israeli plans for resettlement in the 1950's which came up against the Palestinians' belief in return and their failed attempts to do so.
He further reviews Israeli attempts to implement these plans by discussing the establishment and initiatives of the Transfer Committee. Among the programs discusses are the plan to transfer Jews from Arab states to Israel and to transfer Palestinians to various Arab states; the plan to buy the Palestinians out of their land through land purchasing and lucrative job offers elsewhere in the Middle East; the plan to estimate the value of immovable goods left buy the Palestinians and use this amount towards resettlement of the refugees; and the plan to trade Jews for Palestinians with Libya, Somalia, Cyrenaica and Tripoli. Masalha also discusses the move in the mid-50s to create a refugee resettlement fund and the pressure placed on Palestinians by the Israelis to move abroad.


Topics:
* Israeli approaches to the refugee problem
* The Schectman Plan of compulsory transfer/resettlement in Iraq, 1948
* The lobbying of Ezra Danin
* Compensation in lieu of repatriation, 1949-53
* The Libyan resettlement scheme, 1950-58
* The 1956-57 occupation of the Gaza Strip
* The aftermath of the June 1967 conquests
* Ariel Sharon's proposals and activities, 1969-71


Masalha, Nur-eldeen. "On Recent Hebrew and Israeli Sources for the Palestinian Exodus, 1947-49." Journal of Palestine Studies. Vol. 8, No. 1, 1988

This paper highlights the aspects of the current discourse on the causes and roots of the Palestinian uprooting.

Topics:
* The Dier Yasin Episode in the Wider Context of the Exodus
* New Revelations about the al-Dawaymah Massacre and Other Atrocities of the War
* The Role of the Haganah and Palmach


Masriyeh, Norma. "Refugee Resettlement: the Gaza Strip Experience." Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics and Culture. Vol. II No. 4 Autumn 1995.

This article examines the Israeli Government's attempt to resettle the Palestinian refugees on the Gaza strip by removing them from the camps. The author asserts that the Israelis claimed their goal was improved living conditions, but in fact, they were driven by security concerns, hoping to depoliticize the refugees. The author concludes that the Israelis were na?ve to think that these political problems could be solved by any means other than a political solution.

Topics:
* Israel's plan to resettle the refugees
* The Military-Political Aspects of Resettlement
* The Israeli failure


Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. "The Refugee Working Group." http://www.israel-mfa.gov.il/peace/refugees.html

The purpose of this article is to provide an explanation of the purpose and activities of the Refugee Working Group. The article emphasizes that the main purpose of the group is to relieve the living conditions of the Palestinian refugees, and generally focus on the humanitarian aspects of the refugee issue. The article goes on to list the activities of the Refugee Working Group which were agree upon by the members. These are human resources development, child welfare, social and economic infrastructure, and public health.

Middle East Peace Process Refugee Working Group. http://www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca/ENGLISH/geo/africa/paix.HTML

This article provides an overview of the purpose and activities of the Refugee Working Group, whose purpose, the article explains, is to address the refugee issue through improving their living conditions, advocate for family reunification, and work towards a just and viable solution to the refugee issue during final status talks.

Topics:
* Members of the Refugee Working Group
* The schedule and achievements of the Refugee Working Group
* A description of many of the activities of the Refugee Working Group, including their work defining the scope of this issue, their encouragement of a dialogue on the subject of Palestinian Refugees, and their mobilization of resources.
* Plans for the future

Table:
* A detailed chart of the activities of the Refugee Working Group, the country charged with the particular project, and the status of that project

Benny Morris speaks with Danny Rubinstein. "The Palestinian Exodus of 1948." Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics, and Culture. Vol. II No. 4 Autumn 1995.
This interview covers many of the issues surrounding the Palestinian exodus in 1948.

Topics:
* Who is to blame?
* Multiplicity of reasons for the exodus
* Ben Gurion's reaction to the flight
* Chronology of the exodus
* Arab fear of the Jews in 1948
* Israeli fighting strategy with regard to the Arabs

Morris, Benny. The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem, 1947-1949. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987).

This book addresses the beliefs held by both Israelis and Palestinians as to who is to blame for the dispersion of the Palestinian refugees. Morris provides a fair and objective review of the policies and decisions that were made from 1947-49, and the development of those policies, especially concerning the Israeli Authorities, but including Arab policies as well. This book includes detailed information on population changes, the dates when these changes occurred, and the policies or events which triggered them.

Topics:
* The "first wave" of the exodus, December 1947 - March 1948
* The "second wave" of the exodus, April 1948 - June 1948
* The development of the decision not to allow the refugees to return, April - December 1948
* The active prevention of return
* The "third wave" of the exodus, 9-18 July, 1948
* The "fourth wave" of the exodus, October - November 1948
* Border clearings, expulsions and population transfers, November 1948 - July 1949
* Attempts to solve the refugee problem from December 1948 - September 1949

Morris, Benny, 1948 and After: Israel and the Palestinians. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990).

The purpose of this book is to a present a well argued case to dispel the popular myths that exist that exists surrounding the events of 1948, provide a fair treatment of the Israeli transfer/evacuation policy and the Arab flight, and to provide a fair assessment of the strength of the Jewish army in an effort to dispel with the "David and Goliath" myth.

Topics:
* The development of party policies and attitudes, especially those of Mapai and Mapam.
* Factors behind the Arab flight from Israel
* The psychological intimidation on the part of the Israelis to encourage Arab flight
* The development of a policy of transfer
* The exodus from Haifa
* The battle for the fruits of the harvest of 1948
* The examples of four villages spared evacuation: Abu Ghosh, Beit Naqquba, Al Fureidis, and Khirbet Jisr az Zarka.
* The initial absorption of the refugees into Arab host countries
* The transfer of the Arabs from the town of Al Majdal's.


Figures:
* Israel/Palestine, showing 1949 Armistice frontiers
* The Palestinian/Arab Exodus, 1948-1950
* Haifa in the 1940
* Palestinian refugee camps and populations, 1958


Neff, Donald. "U.S Policy and the Palestinian Refugees." Journal of Palestine Studies. Vol. XVIII, No. 1, Autumn 1988.

In this paper Donald Neff says that the United States government believed that Israel should allow a substantial number of Palestinian Refugees to be repatriated to their homes, which were taken from them by Israel. But this idea was always rejected by the Israeli government and it refused to return back any of the refugees. This Israeli stand was not accepted by all Israelis, there was a number of them who wanted that the Palestinian Refugee problem will continue to haunt Israel, if they don't allow for a decent solution to the problem. Donald Neff concludes that the Truman government refused to seriously face the Palestinian Refugee issue, because of its political weakness in the face of Israel's lobbying power.

Topics:

* The beginning of the Refugee Problem
* The Refugee Controversy


Palestinian Refugee ResearchNet. "Palestinian Refugees: An Overview."
http://www.arts.mcgill.ca:80/MEPP/PrrN/proverview.html


This article provides an overview of the situation of the Palestinian refugees, providing populations statistics.

Tables:
* UNRWA Registered Refugees (June 1995)


Palestinian Refugee ResearchNet. "Palestinian Refugees and Final Status: Key Issues."
http://www.arts.mcgill/ca/MEPP/PRRN/prissues.html

This article focuses on the important issues which will be addressed during final status negotiations, and includes the ideas of many of the important thinkers on this subject.

Topics:
* The Right of Return
* Palestinian Statehood
* Refugee Compensation
* Available Resources
* How compensation/reparation payments might be made
* Refugee Resettlement

Table:
* Reparation and Resettlement of Palestinian Refugees

Palestinian Refugee ResearchNet. "Refugees in the Middle East Peace Process."
http://www.arts.mcgill.ca:80/MEPP/PrrN/prmepp.html


This article provides a short overview of the functions of the Refugee Working Group including their areas of and leaders for each activity. These are data bases headed by Norway, family reunification headed by France, Human Resources Development headed by the U.S.A. Job Creation and Vocational Training headed by the U.S.A., Public Health headed by Italy, Child Welfare headed by Sweden, and economic and social infrastructure headed by the European Union. The article aslo list the schedule of their past eight plenary sessions.

Peretz, Don. "Who is a Refugee." Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics and Culture. Vol. II No. 4 Autumn 1995.

This article looks at the development of the international definition of "refugee" and the defining factors that set Palestinians refugees apart. In addition, it reviews some of the many definitions by which Palestinian refugees have been defined, and concludes that when the refugee issue is addressed in final status talks, the issue of how to define the "Palestinian refugees" will be among the first sources of contention.

Topics:
* The difference between "refugee" and "displaced persons"
* The international definition of "refugee"
* Defining factors of the Palestinian refugees
* UNRWA definitions of Palestinian refugees

Peretz, Don. The Palestinian Arab Refugee Problem. (Research Program on Economic and Political Problems and Prospects of the Middle East: The Rand Corporation/Resources for the Future, October 1969).

This study provides a general overview of the Palestinian refugee problem as it was in 1969, within the context of the larger Middle East conflict. It also provides an analysis of both conditions that must be met in order to find a solution to this problem, and examines various proposals that have been made regarding this problem. Additionally, these proposals are examined in light of other sources of Middle East conflict to determine circumstances and solutions towards the broader issues of the conflict.

Topics:
* Origin of the Problem
* Nature of the Problem including the numbers of Refugees, the conditions under which they were living in 1948, and the responsibility of the United Nations
* Economic development in the refugee community
* Living Conditions and UNRWA
* The debate of repatriation versus resettlement
* Political and economic consequences of the Six Day War


Peretz, Don. Palestinians Refugees, and the Middle East Peace Process. (Washington D.C.: United States Institute of Peace Press, 1993).

The purpose of this study is to review the Palestinian refugee problem in light of the current realities which will affect its eventual resolution. Peretz provides an overview of the historical development of the refugee problem, in addition to both historical and present day attempt to resolve this issue.

Topics:
* Historical background to the refugee issue.
* The current status of the Palestinian refugees.
* The numbers of Palestinian refugees.
* Living conditions of the Palestinian refugees.
* The development of a Palestinian political identity.
* Recent Palestinian perspective on the Israeli occupation and the Gulf War.
* Palestinian perspectives on the Peace Process.
* Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza.
* Palestinians in the Diaspora.
* Palestinians in Jordan.
* Prospects for a confederated Palestinian Jordanian entity.
* Palestinians in Kuwait.
* Palestinians in Lebanon.
* Palestinians in Syria.
* Prospects for a solution to the refugee problem.
* Repatriation of Palestinian refugees.
* Return to a Palestinian state.
* Compensation.
* Recent developments in devising a solution to the refugee problem.
* UNRWA's transformation since 1949.
* The future of UNRWA and the refugees.


Tables:
* UNRWA general information sheet concerning refugees under Its jurisdiction.
* Projected numbers of Palestinian (refugees and non-refugees) in sixteen Mid-east countries/ areas, 1990-2010.
* Projected Percentages of Palestinians (refugees and non-refugees) in the total population of sixteen Mid-east countries/ areas, 1990--2010.
* Life expectancy at birth and fertility indicators for Palestinians, 1967-1992.
* Occupational distribution of Palestinian men in selected countries and regions.
* The State of Palestine: Estimates of infrastructure costs of a Reconstruction and development program.


Maps:
* Map indicating the boundary of the former Palestine Mandate, the Armistice Demarcation Lines, 1949, international boundaries, area of the United Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF), area of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL), and the territories occupied by Israel in 1967.

Peteet, Julie. "From Refugees to Minority: Palestinian in Post-War Lebanon." Middle East Report 200. July-September 1996.

This article seeks to analyze the trends emerging from the Palestinian-refugee community in Lebanon, during the peace process. Whereas on the one hand, the community is seeking to define itself as legal minority, on the other hand, it is also seeking minority status which will also allow them a Palestinian presence within Lebanon. The author concludes that "Palestinians cannot understand or accept that they are classified as "foreigners" along with Sri Lankans, Thais, Filipinos, and Syrians who together constitute Lebanon's imported working class. Ironically, however, they do not request citizenship, although those who have the opportunity accept, and is often the subject of resentment by his peers.

Peteet, Julie. "Identity and Community in Exile." Journal for Critical Studies of the Middle East. Spring 1996, No. 8.

The intent of this article is the demonstrate the importance of place in identity formation, and demonstrate the complicated relationship between place, community and identity. The article concludes that the meaning of place shifts with changes in location, and its importance in identity formation varies between localities. The article also suggests that identity is built in layers, where identity is carried from one locality to another, as layers are added.

Topics:
* Movement between borders
* Refugee camps for formation of identity
* Layers of identity
* Refugees in Lebanon
* Identity in places where several cultures interact
* Fieldwork encounters
* Place and Identity
* Community in Exile


Rubinstein, Danny. "A Material and Spiritual Homeland." Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics and Culture. Vol. II No. 4 Autumn 1995.

This article describes the intensity of the longing of the Palestinians for the land from which they have been exiled since 1948.

Topics:
* Stories of Palestinian longing
* Displaced Jews from the 1948 War


Salam, Nawaf A. "Between Repatriation and Resettlement: Palestinian Refugees in Lebanon." Journal of Palestine Studies XXXIV, no. 1 (Autumn 1994), pp.. 18-27

The purpose of this essay is to present a solution for the Palestinian refugees problem of Lebanon and to assess the implications of this issue for the future of the Palestinians residing in Lebanon. Among the author's primary recommendations is the granting of dual citizenship of Palestine and the Lebanon, or, seeing as how this will certainly be received with much opposition, sole Palestinian citizenship with residency rights to those Palestinians not "returning" to the future Palestinian state.

Topics:
* Demographics of Palestinians in Lebanon
* The right of return for the Palestinians in Lebanon
* Prospects for resettlement of Palestinian refugees in Lebanon


Sayigh, Rosemary. "An Uncertain Future for the Palestinians in Lebanon." Middle East International (May 13, 1994)

This article surveys Lebanese public policy towards Palestinian refugees, specifically focusing on living conditions and the issue of citizenship.

Topics:
* Lebanese constraints on refugee camp space
* Lebanese denial of citizenship to Palestinians
* Lebanese pressure on refugees to emigrate


Sayigh, Rosemary. "Sources of Palestinian Nationalism: A Study of a Palestinian Camp in Lebanon." Journal of Palestine Studies. vol. 6 no. 4 (Summer 1977).

This survey set out to question refugees in Lebanon in an effort to disclose to factors which led to the development of the consciousness of Palestinian identity.
Topics:
* Nature of questions related to sources
* Family and Community
* Official national sources, including the educational system
* Political Parties, Movements, Leaders, Activities
* The effects of events on politicization
* Experiences leading to feelings marginality
* Political Parties, Movements, Leaders, Activities
* Official national sources of Palestinian nationalism, including the educational system


Schiff, Benjamin, N. Refugees unto the Third Generation. (Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press, 1995).

This book provides an in depth review of the historical development of the United Nations Relief Works Agency (UNRWA), and the practical implementation of its programs. This study reveals the close relationship UNRWA has the Arab-Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and how it has coped with this enmeshment as an organization. Schiff argues that the organizations longevity is not due to its own failure in resolving this issue, but rather, the failure of the UN and other international agencies, in addition to the failure of the countries of the region and the major-powers such as the United States.

Topics:
* UNRWA's structure.
* UNRWA's clients.
* The regional and international environment.
* UNRWA's role in the Arab/Palestinian-Israeli conflict.
* The establishment of UNRWA.
* Loss of hope for repatriation.
* Plans for reintegration.
* UNRWA's early projects.
* Small scale resettlement.
* Operations after 1957.
* Relief services.
* Health services.
* Education.
* The 1967 War and its aftermath.
* Jordan, 1970.
* Lebanon.
* UNRWA's privileges and immunities.
* Limitations to their autonomy.
* UNRWA's functioning in Syria.
* UNRWA's functioning in Jordan.
* UNRWA's functioning in Egypt.
* UNRWA's functioning in Lebanon.
* UNRWA's functioning in PLO controlled areas.

Tables:
* UNRWA Refugees, 1950-1991.
* School population, number of schools, teachers, training places, 1950-1991.
* Projected Employment on UNRWA projects, September, 1950.
* Water plans.
* Refugee settlement plan, 1951
* Camps, Camp population, tents, and shelters, 1950-1961.
* Expenditures by program, 1950-1990.
* Funding UNRWA, 1950-1990.
* Total contributions, 1950-1969.
* Pledged Contributions less than $200,000, 1970-1990.
* Separation benefits likely to arise if all local staff were dismissed as of 30 June 1981.
* Rising deficit prediction, 1981.
* Contributions received from Arab League States, 1981-1990: General, Project and Special Funds.
* Refugees in UNRWA camps by country, 31 May 1967.
* Occupied Territories: Immediate post-1967 war estimated Palestinian population.
* Intifada casualties, December, 1987-1991.
* Intifada school closures, 1987-1991.

Maps:
* UNRWA's operational area with major UNRWA facilities.


Shiblak, Abbas. "A Time of Hardship and Agony: Palestinian Refugees in Libya." Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics and Culture. Vol. II. No. 4 Autumn 1995.

This article addresses the recent, inhumane shuffling of Palestinian refugees on the part of Libya, in addition to Lebanon, Egypt, Cyprus, Syria, and Israel.

Topics:
* Population of Palestinians in Libya
* Libyan policy to the Palestinian refugees from 1994 - October 1995
* Lebanese rejection of Palestinian refugees
* Syrian and Cypriot rejection of the Palestinian refugees
* Jordanian refuge
* Living conditions in the Libyan refugee camp at Saloum


Shilbak, Abbas. "Residency Status and Civil Rights of Palestinian Refugees in Arab Countries." Journal of Palestine Studies. Vol. XXV, No. 3 (Spring 1996), pp. 36-45.

This paper talks about the conditions of Palestinian refugees in the Arab world with a particular focus on their residency status and civil rights. It also examines the legal framework which determines the degree of integration or exclusion of the refugees in the host societies.

Topics:
* The Legal Framework and the Issue of Protection
* Residency Status: A Case of Uncertainty
* Restrictions on Civil Rights
* Freedom of Movement
* Employment
* Access to Government Service
* Family Reunification
* Property Ownership


Sirhan, Bassem. "Palestinian Refugee Camp Life in Lebanon." Journal of Palestine Studies.

This study aims to present a detailed picture of life in the Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon, including data on th physical conditions, demographic statistics, economic, social, political, and cultural factors, and indications of social change.

Topics:
* Physical Conditions
* Housing
* Basic Amenities in the Camps
* Demographic factors
* Distribution of Residents by Age and Sex
* Distribution of Residents According to Age, Sex, and Marital Status
* Number of Males Residents According to Age and Educational Level
* Number of Female Residents According to Age and Educational Level
* School Enrollment by Age and Educational Level
* Distribution of Employed and Unemployed Males Residents by Age
* Distribution of Employed and Unemployed Female Residents by Age
* Distribution of Residents Employed According to Sector of Activity and Occupation
* Social Factors: Organization and Social Life
* Social Cohesion
* Leisure Time
* The Situation of Women
* Politics and Political Affiliations in the Camps
* Political Leadership in the Camps
* Factors of Social Change

Tables:
* Number of Houses and Occupants and Average Number of Rooms and Per Room Occupation
* Distribution of Residents by Age and Sex
* Distribution of Residents According to Age, Sex, and Marital Status
* Number of Male Residents According to Age and Educational Level
* Number of Female Residents According to Age and Educational Level
* School Enrollment by Age and Educational Level
* Distribution of Employed and Unemployed Male Residents by Age
* Distribution of Employed and Unemployed Female Residents by Age
* Distribution of Residents Employed According to Sector of Activity and Occupation


Steinboim, Zivit. The Palestinian Refugees: Possible Solutions. Tel Aviv: The Arm and Hammer Fund for Economic Cooperation in the Middle East, March, 1993.

This study gathers a quantitative reading of the refugees overall, in addition to assessing their geographic distribution. The study makes a distinction between those refugees who have been absorbed into the host society, in order to estimate the number of refugees that may want to return to the West Bank under a Palestinian "Law of Return." The researcher concludes that potentially one million refugees will desire to return to the West Bank. The investment that would be required to absorb such a number, concludes Steinboim, would amount to approximately $20 billion.

Topics:
* The world Palestinian population
* Palestinians in Jordan
* Palestinians in Lebanon
* Palestinians in Egypt
* Palestinians in Syria
* Palestinians in the Gulf States
* Palestinians in Iraq
* Palestinians in the U.S.
* Palestinians in Judea, Samaria, and Gaza
* The demographics of Palestinians in Judea, Samaria, and Gaza
* Education in Judea, Samaria, and Gaza
* Public and communal services in Judea, Samaria, and Gaza
* Employment in Judea, Samaria, and Gaza
* Economic development in Judea, Samaria, and Gaza
* The living standard in Judea, Samaria, and Gaza
* Palestinian refugees and their education, health, and employment, according to UNRWA
* Palestinians on the Gaza Strip
* Palestinian residency rights in Jordan
* Palestinian residency rights in Egypt
* Palestinian residency rights in Syria
* Palestinian residency rights in the U.S.
* Palestinian residency rights in Lebanon
* Palestinian residency rights in the Gulf States
* Palestinian residency rights in Kuwait
* Rehabilitation programs for Palestinian refugees
* International efforts to solve the Palestinian Refugee Problem
* Israeli plans to solve the refugee problem
* The Gaza plan
* The offer of 100,000 returnees
* Activities to rehabilitate the refugees
* The committee on refugees
* The conclusions and recommendations of the committee
* The establishment of a rehabilitation program

Tables:
* The Palestinian population world wide, 1986
* The percentage of those who have an employment permit, according to nation, 1969
* Estimate of the population in Judea, Samaria, and Gaza, 1967-1990, at the start of each year
* Employed residents of Judea, Samaria, and Gaza, according to the economic sector
* Employed residents of Judea, Samaria, and Gaza, according to selected economic sectors
* The percentage of homes in Judea, Samaria, and Gaza that have various tangible goods (refrigerators, cars, etc.)
* The number of cars in Judea, Samaria, and Gaza, 1970-1990
* The largest donor countries in 1990
* Palestinian refugees and refugee camps in 1990
* Palestinian refugees, basic data
* The cost of implementation

Figures:
* Map of the cities and refugee camps in Judea and Samaria
* Map of the cities and refugee camps in Gaza


Tamari, Salim. Palestinian Refugee Negotiations: From Madrid to Oslo II. Washington D. C.: Institute of Palestine Studies, 1996.

This paper documents the developments of the refugee issue within the peace process. The author delineates the various points of disagreement between negotiating sides as well as presents various policy options of selected researchers.

Topics:
* The scope of the negotiations
* Family reunification including discussions of the problems, prospects, and policy aspects of the issue
* Displaced Persons - highlighting interim solutions
* A review of Peron's vision paper on directing negotiations
* A review of the Bristol Report's suggestions for aiding refugees
* A discussion of the refugee issue within the wider context of final status negotiations
* Strategies for the Palestinian negotiator

Appendices:
* Glossary of Terms
* The Interim Agreement and Guidelines for Returnees


Tamari, Salim. "Residency Rights for Returning Palestinians in Oslo II: A Critical Examination." Palestine Report, 1 December 1995.

This article examines several additions made to the Oslo II agreement concerning the status of residency and family reunification.

Topics:
* Gaining residency
* Visiting rights and work permits
* "Lost Residency" or "Latecomers"


Tamari, Salim. "The Future of Palestinian Refugees in the Peace Negotiations." Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics, and Culture. Vol. II, No. 4, Autumn, 1995.

Examines the current issues invovled in the refugee debate and offers "strategic options" towards solving this problem.

Topics:
* The nature of the multilateral and bilateral negotiations
* Marginalization of the multilateral committee on refugees
* Strategic Options in Negotiations over Refugees


Tamari, Salim. "Return, Resettlements, Repatriation: The Future of Palestinian Refugees in the Peace Negotiations." FOFONET Digest, 22 April 1996.

The purpose of this study is to provide an overview of the processes and issues involved in the negotiations surrounding the Palestinian refugee issue. In so doing, Tamari reviews the negotiations of the 1940's and '50's concerning the refugee issue, and compares those to the present day negotiations. Tamari presents the framework in which the two sides are participating in the negotiations. Tamari review the creation of the Refugees Working Group, including its representation, its mandate and the scope of its deliberations. He presents the problems facing family reunification cases, criteria which will have to be met in order to solve these problems, and policy considerations concerning this volatile issue. Deliberations concerning the Displaced Person's including their definition, their numbers and the modalities of repatriation. The marginalization of the refugee issue in the context of the negotiations. He discuses the new provisions of Oslo II. He critiques the policy put forth by Peron in his "Vision Paper." Tamari makes recommendations concernign concrete steps that must be taken in order to overcome the impasses presently before the Refugee Working Group. He discusses the supplanting of the political themes surrounding the refugee issue by humanitarian assistance efforts. He discusses the socio-economic status of the refugees within their host communities. He criticizes the current UNRWA definition of "refugee" . He presents evidence concerning the willingness of refugees to resettle. He emphasizes the importance of accountability and the need to monitor projects. He discusses the effect agreements made in current negotiations concerning the 1967 DP's on the negotiations over the 1948 refugees. He discusses the link between the issues of Jerusalem and the refugees. He presents certain constraints on and strategies for the Palestinian negotiator.

Topics:
* The Final Status Resolution
* The scope of the negotiations
* Family reunification
* Problems facing family reunification applicants within Israel and the Palestinian self-governed areas
* The unresolved issue of family reunification
* Procedural reform of family reunification schemes
* Policy Implications for refugee families
* Problems of Definition
* Displaced Persons: Interim Solutions for the Refugee Problem
* Oslo 2 and Changes in the Status of Returning Palestinians
* Breaking the Taboos on Refugees: Peron's Vision
* The Question of Aid to Refugees: Prelude to Liquidation?
* Compensation vs. Return
* The status of the refugee camps
* Strategic Options in Negotiations over Refugees
* Highlights of a Strategy for Refugees: hard Choices for the Palestinian Negotiator

Appendices:
* Refugee Glossary
* The Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement and Guidelines for Residency of Returning Palestianians: An Analysis.


Yassin, Abdul-Kader, Hanafi, Sari, & Martin, Oliver Saint. The Palestinians in Egypt & North Sinai. Refugees center & Palestinians diaspora. Ramallah, Palestine, 1996.

The first part of the study focus on the Palestinian waves which came to Egypt, their distribution in the country, their size development and their social distribution. Also, it focuses on the obstacles which were put in their way and their economic, social, political, and cultural presence. Whereas the second part of the study focus on the borders problem between Egypt and Israel, and how the Palestinians are suffering from this borders problem.

First Study Topics:
* Immigration waves
* The demographic distribution
* The economic activity
* The political activity
* Educational and cultural activity
* The civil rights and residency

Tables:
* The Egyptian traveling documents for 1994 distributed based on residency units
* Palestinian shops in Egypt between 1967-1973

The Second Study Topics:
* The Palestinian Egyptian borders problem in the presence and through history
* Palestinians in Northern Sinai and their location as a linking ring
* Canada camp as an ideal example for the unthinkable


Zakharia, Leila. "The Situtaion of Palestinian Refugees: The Challenge to a Just, Comprehensive and Durable Peace." FOFONET Digest, 5-7 July 1996.
http://www.arts.mcgill.ca:80/mepp/prn/papers/zakharia.html


The purpose of this article is to emphasize the critical nature of the Refugee issue to a just and lasting peace in the Middle East.

Topics:
* The National Rights of Palestinian Refugees
* The deemphasis of the refugee issue in the Middle East negotiation process
* The fragmentation of Palestinians
* The depoliticization of the refugee issue
* The Elimination of UNRWA
* The Role of the International Community


Zayyad, Ziad Abu. "Seeking Justice." Palestine-Israel Journal of Politic, Economics and Culture. Vol. II No. 4 Autumn 1995.

A short overview of the injustices which have been committed against the Palestinian people, in particular, the refugees, and a plea to "explore possibilities for achieving justice."


Zureik, Elia. Palestinian Refugees and the Peace Process. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies, 1996.

The purpose of this study is to provide background information concerning Palestinian refugees concerning areas of direct relevance to upcoming permanent status negotiations. Zureik addresses a broad range of topics to finally, "arrive to a list of recommendations and policy implications that primarily serve the interest of the refugees while simultaneously contributing toward a just resolution of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict." Zureik concludes that the following issues will be significant to the final status talk on refugees: future Palestinian and refugee distribution; the\ right of return; family reunification; compensation; status of Palestinians in Arab countries; attitudes of refugees; and the future of UNRWA. Zureik details the points of importance to each of these issues.

Topics:
* A compilation of historical and contemporary data addressing the legal and social issues of a range of refugee and displaced persons, and subsequently places the Palestinian experience within this context;
* a analysis of the legal and socio-economic conditions under which the refugees live in Arab host countries;
* Israeli perceptions of the refugee issue since 1948, especially toward the issues of the right of return, compensation, and resettlement;
* Palestinian attitudes toward the right of return, compensation, and resettlement;
* an examination of the writings on the subject by scholars who are neither Israeli not Palestinian;

Tables:
* Distribution of the Palestinian Populations Worldwide, 1995
* Projected Arab and Jewish Population in the Area of Former Mandate Palestine, 1992-2005
* Estimates of Refugees According to Areas of Arrival, 1948-1949
* Distribution of UNRWA-Registered Palestinian Refugees, 1995
* Palestinian Estimates of Displaced Persons and Refugees During the 1967 War
* Official Jordanian estimates of Displaced Palestinians and Refugees
* Estimates of Palestinian Refugees and Displaced Persons, 1995

Appendices:
* Map of Mandatory Palestine highlighting Palestinian refugees displaced from urban and rural areas
* Resolution No. 194 (III) of 11 December 1948
* Resolution No. 3236 (XXIX) of 22 November 1974


Zureik, Elia. "Palestinian Refugees and the Right of Return." Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics and Culture. Vol II. No. 4 Autumn 1995.

This article reviews the scope of the Palestinian refugee issue and Israeli and Palestinian attitudes towards this devisive issue.

Topics:
* The Israeli approach to the Palestinian refugee issue
* Categories of Refugees
* Israeli acceptance of family reunification applications
* The conflicting positions of the Israelis and Palestinians


Zureik, Elia. "Palestinian Refugees and Peace." Journal of Palestine Studies. XXIV, no.1 (Autumn 1994), pp. 5-17.

This article aims to expand upon on some o f the broader issues concerning the refugee issue. those issues are delineated below.

Topics:
* Definitions of refugees status according to varying sources
* The approach of the United States to the right of return and Resolution 194
* The Israeli and Palestinian Approaches to the right of return and Resolution 194
* The attitudes of the Arab states to resettlement
* Liberal versus Collective models of approaches to refugee rights

Tables:
* Global Distribution of Estimated Current and Projected Numbers of the Palestinina People
* Numbers of the Palestinian People, Refugee, Desplaced, and non-Refugee Status (1990-91)
* Estimates of Palestinian Refugees and their Destinations


Zakharia, Leila. Poverty Intensification Strategies: The Case of Palestinian Refugees. (1997). Online. Internet. March 19. 1997.
Available: http://www.arts.megill.ca


In this paper, Zakharia talks about the Palestinian conditions in the refugee camps. Zakharia mainly discuss the case of Palestinian refugees in Lebanon, who are having major problems in the political, economic, social and humanitarian spheres.

Topics:
* General Context
* Local, International, and Regional Developments
* Social Protection and UNRWA'S Services in the fields of environmental health, housing, education, and health
* Rights and Poverty Eradication Strategies


Zureik, Elia. "Palestinian Refugees and Peace." Journal of Palestine Studies. Vol. XXIV, No. 1, Autumn 1994.

In this article, Elia Zureik argues that the Refugee Working Group (RWO) within the multilateral peace talks set up in the wake of Madrid Conference, has not dealt with the larger political issues of either the 1948 or 1967 refugees. Elia Zureik talked about the definition of a refugee from the point of view of various organizations including the United Nations. Also, he touched on the different approach of the refugee problem according to the way Americans, Israelis, and Palestinians see it.

Topics:
* Definition of Refugee Status
* United States Approach to the refugees question
* Israeli and Palestinian Approaches
* Liberal versus Collective Models

Tables:
* Global Distribution of Estimated Current and Projected Numbers of the Palestinian People (1986, 1990/91, 1995, and 2000)
* Numbers of the Palestinian People Refugee/Displaced and Non-Refugee Status (1990-91)
* Estimates of Palestinian Refugees and Their Status (1948-49)


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